The Topic: 
Aztecs


Easier - Aztecs were a wandering Native American tribe who came to Mexico during the 13th century. There they built a great civilization including cities, pyramids, and temples. In 1519 Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mexico and defeated the Aztecs.
  
Harder - Aztec comes from the word Azteca, which is derived from Aztlán ("White Land"). Aztlán is believed to have been the northwestern region of today's Mexico. Aztlán is the land where, according to Aztec tradition, their tribe originated. According to Aztec legend at the beginning of the 12th century until the 13th century, the Aztec peoples migrated south to the Valley of Mexico in search of a place to settle.
 
By the 1400's and into the early 1500's, the Aztecs had established one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. Some of their cities at that time were as large as any in Europe. Aztec peoples practiced a religion that affected every part of their lives. To honor their gods, they constructed towering temples, huge sculptures, and held ceremonies that included bloody human sacrifices. The Aztec empire was destroyed by the Spaniards, who conquered it in 1521. But the Aztecs have made a lasting mark on Mexican culture.
 
 
 
The Aztecs/Mexicas 
http://www.indians.org/welker/aztec.htm
Here you find information about the Aztecs and links to several other related websites.
 
The Ancient Aztecs (TrackStar, grade 6-9) 
http://scrtec.org/track/tracks/s00749.html
This website has photos of temples, sculptures and glyphs,eyewitness accounts of ritual human sacrifice, poems in Nahuatl -- the language of the Aztecs (translated to English),an extensive listing of the gods and goddesses worshiped, and more.
 
History: The Aztecs
http://www.cyberessays.com/History/4.htm
This essay is an interesting history of the Aztecs.
 
Mexica: Aztecs 
http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/CIVAMRCA/AZTECS.HTM
Read descriptions of the history, religion, economy, society, and writings of this culture that dominated the Valley of Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
 
 
After exploring Aztec cultures through some of the resources provided, complete one or more of these projects.
 
Create A Timeline of the Aztec Culture. After visiting websites like The Aztec and Mexica: Aztecs, create a timeline that identifies and dates the important events of Aztec history.
 
Write An Aztec Story. Find out what Aztec life was like at The Aztec, Aztecs, The Ancient Aztecs, and other websites. See if you can find out what they ate, what their houses were like, and what typical activities they had. Then write a short story featuring the daily life of an Aztec youngster.
 
Draw Aztec Art. Create a drawing or painting that focuses on some part of Aztec life or history. You may want to include the people and their clothing. You might feature a dwelling, or village, or their temple. Your artwork could focus on the different agriculture methods that Aztec farmers employed; slash and burn, terracing, hanging gardens, etc. Or you might focus on their village life showing crafts, trade, and religion.
 
Complete An Aztec WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites. You may find the links on the page are no longer active; however, the links below will provide plenty of online resources.
1) Searching for the Aztecs http://www.macomb.k12.mi.us/wq/kh1cl.htm
2) The Aztec Adventure http://www.umeedu.maine.edu/coehd/aztec/
3) Aztecs: The Conquest by Monica Semeria http://spidey.sfusd.edu/schwww/sch529/webquests/mandm/titlepage.htm
 
Websites By Kids For Kids
Aztec 
http://www.kent.wednet.edu/KSD/SB/Ancient/Aztec.html
Here are student reports and artwork on the Aztec empire.
 
Aztec Architecture 
http://library.advanced.org/10098/aztec.htm
A few people may mistake the Mayas for Aztecs. This website explains how the Aztecs built their holy temples, houses, the Emperor's palace, as well as a very religious temple.
 
The Aztec World With Mr. Burnett
http://eaglelink.sas.edu.sg/intermediatesc/ThirdGrade/EBurnett/Aztecs/aztecworldindex.html
Internet links, activities, research, and more.
 
The Ancient Aztecs 
http://library.advanced.org/27981/
The website includes information about Aztec rulers, daily life, technology, culture, religion, the Spanish conquest, and has a timeline, glossary, web links, and bibliography.
 
Aztecs from the Empires Past website 
http://library.advanced.org/16325/y-main.html
Website provides information about the Aztecs society and governmental structure, their scientific advances in the areas of astronomy and medicine, religion,and interest in the arts, agriculture and social conditions of their time. Also learn about Cortez and the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs.
 
More Aztec Websites
Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico 
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/aztecs1.html
In 1519 Hernan Cortés sailed from Cuba, landed in Mexico, and made his way to the Aztec capital. Here you can read accounts by the Aztecs written shortly after the conquest.
 
"Mexico" Lessons Stories at Trek Teachers' Zone 
http://www.worldtrek.org/odyssey/mexico/mexstories.html
Read Aztec myths about the founding of their capital city: 'The Heart of Copil' and 'The Evil of Texcatlipoca.'
 
History of Mexico/ The Aztecs 
http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/hpostclassic2.html
The Aztecs were in Mexico in the 13th century.
 
Aztecs Information site
http://www.uwgb.edu/galta/mrr/aztecs/
Get information on Aztec origins, lifestyles, religion, mythology, and art.
 
Buried Mirror: Conflict of the Gods 
http://www.umich.edu/~proflame/texts/mirror/conflict.html
This website describes Cortés' expedition to Mexico beginning in 1519 and ending with his conquest of the Aztecs in 1521.
 
The Conquest of the Aztec Empire: Hernando Cortes (University of Calgary) 
http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/aztec.html
Here you can learn of Cortes and get information about the conquest of the Aztecs.
 
The Aztec Calendar 
http://www.azteccalendar.com/
There is not just one Aztec calendar, there are two more or less independent systems. A 365 day calendar, called the xiuhpohualli, describes the days and rituals related to the seasons,. The other calendar has 260 days. In Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, it is called the tonalpohualli or, in English, the day-count. Most information on this Internet-site refers to the tonalpohualli, which is the sacred calendar.
 
The Formation and Structure of the Aztec Universe 
http://www.astronomy.pomona.edu/archeo/nmexico/aztec.univ.html
Here is a description of how the Aztecs viewed their gods and the universe.
 
Websites for Teachers
The Aztec: Markets, Maize, and Mathematics 
http://www.mts.net/~lsisco/PAGE4.HTM
Lesson plan incorporates the Aztec unit, quahuitl, in calculating perimeter and area.
 
The Aztecs: From Aztlan to Tenochtitlan at Trek Teachers Zone 
http://www.worldtrek.org/odyssey/mexico/mexlessons.html
This website contains lesson plans for Mexico Trek.
 
Aztecs Meet the Spanish (Grade 6-8) 
http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/aztecs_spanish/
It is the year 1527 and an Independent Counsel has been chosen by the Roman Catholic Church to determine a policy for the Church toward future exploration, conquest and conversion of the native people of Mexico.
 
Aztec Mythology by Lorna Dils (Grade 4-5) 
http://www.cis.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1994/3/94.03.03.x.html
This lesson on Aztec mythology provides an understanding of the basics of the Aztec's polytheistic religion.
 

Aztec
Inca
Maya
South America
Cuzco
chinampa
Spanish
Nahua
Mesoamerican
Motecuhzoma
sacrifice

macehualles

merchant
craftsman
peasant
slave
noble
pilli
calpulli
Cilhuacan
Toltec
Tenochca
temple
telpuchcalli
Mexico
Tenochititlan
Hernán Cortés
solar calendar
astronomy
maize
conquistador
farming
crops
music
huehuetl
writing
Mexica
Aztlán
sun worship
poyolli
warrior
cacao bean

 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/99, Updated, 12/99: Update by Nancy Smith 6/02