- Easier - Canada
is the northern neighbor to much of the United States.
Canada is the second largest country in the world. Only
Russia is larger. Canada is slightly larger than the
United States but has about one-tenth as many people.
Three-fourths of all Canadians live within 100 miles of
the U.S. border. Because of rugged terrain and harsh
climate, much of the rest of Canada's lands are thinly
populated. The city of Ottawa is the capital. Toronto is
the largest city. Both cities are in the province of
- Harder - Canada
is an independent, self-governing nation - - a federation
or union of ten provinces and three territories. The
Constitution Act of 1982 continued recognition of the
British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, as the queen of
Canada. The position symbolizes Canada's historic ties to
the United Kingdom which entirely ruled Canada until
1848. At that time, Canada began to gain some control of
its domestic affairs; however, the UK continued to govern
Canada's foreign affairs. In 1931, Canada became a fully
- Like other large, diverse nations, maintaining a
sense of community among its peoples is one of Canada's
major challenges. About one third of all Canadians are
descendants of European Americans from England, Ireland,
Scotland, and Wales. Other large ethnic ancestry groups
represented are Germans, Italians, and Asians. The latter
live largely in Ontario and western Canada. A fourth of
the country's population have some amount of French
ancestry; French Canadians are near eighty percent of
Quebec Province's population. The Canadian government
recognizes both English and French as official languages;
however, Quebec has made French the sole official
language of their provincial government. Native people,
American Indians and Inuit, comprise a small percentage
of the nation's population.
- In addition to its diverse people, Canada houses a
wealth of natural resources. European settlers discovered
a land of clear lakes and rivers, prairies, and forests
that supported vast numbers of game and fur-bearing
animals. There were rich farm lands and coastal
fisheries. The forests became important sources of timber
for shipbuilding and construction. Today, Canadian
forests make Canada the leading producer of paper for
newsprint. Its fertile soils help to rank the nation as a
leading producer of wheat. Canada also is a leader in the
generation of hydroelectric power. The country also has
abundant deposits of petroleum, iron ore, and other
minerals that provide the raw materials to maintain
Canada as a leading manufacturing nation.
- This site has information on Canada's leaders,
geographics, and other Canadian stuff.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Atlas of Canada http://atlas.gc.ca/site/index.html
- 3) Canada from CIA's World Factbook http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ca.html
- 4) Canadian Encyclopedia Online http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/
- 5) Geobop's Canada http://www.geobop.com/World/NA/Canada/
- 6) Map of Canada from the Perry-Castenada map
- 7) Map of Canada from National Geographic
(Before Nunavut) http://www.nationalgeographic.com/resources/ngo/maps/view/images/canadam.jpg
- 8) Zoom School Canada from Enchanted Learning
- Rather than structuring information around more
traditional categories like Geography or History, this
site organizes its categories into broad and
interdisciplinary sectors: institutions, people, regions,
and the arts.
- Government of
- This is the official site for the government of
Canada (In French and English).
- Important Section:
- 2) Structure of the Government of Canada http://canada.gc.ca/howgoc/glance_e.html
- Provinces and Territories:
- 3) Alberta http://www.gov.ab.ca/
- 4) British Columbia http://www.gov.bc.ca/
- 5) Manitoba http://www.gov.mb.ca/
- 6) New Brunswick http://www.gnb.ca/
- 7) Newfoundland and Labrador http://www.gov.nf.ca/
- 8) Northwest Territories http://www.gov.nt.ca/
- 9) Nova Scotia http://www.gov.ns.ca/
- 10) Nunavut http://www.gov.nu.ca/
- 11) Ontario http://www.gov.on.ca/
- 12) Prince Edward Island http://www.gov.pe.ca/
- 13) Quebec http://www.gouv.qc.ca/
- 14) Saskatchewan http://www.gov.sk.ca/
- 15) Yukon http://www.gov.yk.ca/
Canada! by B. Leeck
- This website aims at defining Canada's multicultural
fabric, history, symbols and values.
- Related Websites:
- 2) American's Guide to Canada by E. Way http://www.icomm.ca/~emily/
- 3) Canadian Resources on the World Wide Web from
- After visiting several of the websites
containing information, resources, and
photographs about Canada, complete one or
more of these activities.
- Test Your Knowledge of Canada.
Select from over 60 irreverent quizzes and
find out if you are a real "Canuckelhead"! Go
to the Canucklehead Quiz from
The Canadian Encyclopedia (http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/canucklehead/Welcome.asp?Language=1).
As an alternative activity, create your own
original Canada quiz. Test it out with your
friends, classmates, and/or family.
- Enter The Canada Day Poster
Challenge. Each year, students 18 years
of age and under are invited to take part in
the Canada Day Poster Challenge by
designing a poster illustrating their pride
in Canada and in being Canadian. The theme of
the 2003 year's entries was centered upon
Canadas natural beauty. You can learn
about this annual competition for Canadian
school students by visiting the Canada
Day Poster Challenge (http://www.pch.gc.ca/affiche-poster/).
- Plan A Two-Week Trip To Canada.
You may want to visit (1) Canada
(2) Travel Guide for Canada
from WorldWeb, and (3) Travel
from the Canadian Tourism Commission.
Other resources you may wish to consider are
(4) VIA Rail Canada (http://www.viarail.ca/),
(5) Air Canada (http://www.aircanada.ca/),
and Greyhound Canada (http://www.greyhound.ca/).
Develop a detailed itinerary for your Canada
tour and a schedule of estimated
- Complete A Canada WebQuest. Follow
or adapt the procedures found at the
following webQuest locations:
- 1) Canadian Field Trip
(Grade 5) http://www.davidson.k12.nc.us/webquests/canada/canada.htm
- 2) Canadian Studies
- 3) Worlds Games Come to
Canada (Grade 5) http://www.eats.ecsd.net/curricular/webquest/canada_games/
- Websites By Kids For Kids
- Check out websites created by students about
everything Canadian including government, history, First
Peoples, geography, and more.
of the First Nations Peoples of Canada by
- This student project has information on the dress,
food, location, religion, housing, and language of the
Blackfeet, Iroquois, Inuit, and Haida people.
Depression of Canada from Porter Creek
Secondary School, Whitehorse, Yukon
- This website will inform you of the effects that the
Great Depression had on the country of Canada and its
- Related Website:
- 2) Educationally Funkalicious Canadian History
- It was around 9:04 on December 6th 1917 when the
actual explosion happened. Learn more at this class
in Newfoundland, Canada from Bernadotte
School's World Wide Christmas Calendar
- "Mummering" is a very old Newfoundland custom that
dates back to the time of the earliest settlers who came
to our land from England and Ireland.
- Museums, Galleries, and Expositions
- Bata Shoe Museum of Toronto http://www.batashoemuseum.ca/
- Bowmanville Zoo of Bowmanville, Ontario http://www.bowmanvillezoo.com/
- Canadian Children's Museum of Gatineau, Quebec
- Canadian Museum of Civilization of Gatineau, Quebec
- Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa, Ontario
- Glenbow Museum of Calgary, Alberta http://www.glenbow.org/
- Manitoba Children's Museum of Winnipeg, Manitoba
- National Arts Centre of Ottawa, Ontario http://www.nac-cna.ca/
- National Gallery of Canada of Ottawa, Ontario
- Provincial Museum of Edmonton, Alberta http://www.pma.edmonton.ab.ca/pma.htm
- Royal BC Museum of Victoria, British Columbia
- Royal Tyrrell Museum of Drumheller, Alberta http://www.tyrrellmuseum.com/
- Science World of Vancouver, British Columbia
- Virtual Museum of Canada http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/
- Virtual Museum of New France from Canadian Museum
of Civilization http://www.vmnf.civilization.ca/vmnf/vmnfe.asp
- Zoological Society of Winnipeg, Manitoba http://www.zoosociety.com/
- More Canadian Offices / Agencies /
- History of Canada
Time Machine from British Columbia
- This site everything you could want to know about the
history of British Columbia.
- Explore this extensive online collection of
- This site includes a timeline of the country's
history along with documents, an art gallery, and much
Geographical Names from Natural Resources
- Here you find information on the names of Canada's
provinces, territories, and capital cities; origins of
some Aboriginal community names; and a variety of
articles on interesting names across the country.
History and Studies from Tennessee
- Here you find an extensive links collection for
Bay Company Archives (HBCA)
- Founded in 1670, the Hudson's Bay Company's (HBC)
chief interests for its first two centuries were the fur
trade, exploration and settlement.
- Related Websites:
- 2) History from Hudson's Bay Company http://www.hbc.com/hbc/e_hi/default.htm
- 3) Hudson's Bay Company http://www.rockyview.ab.ca/bpeak/students/canada/kcindex.html
Life in Upper Canada by K. McAsh, York Region
- Learn about life during Ontario's early days with
this site made for grade school children.
to Nunavut from the Nunavut Planning
- The creation of the Territory of Nunavut and the
finalization of the historic land claim settlement
between the Nunavut Inuit and the Government of Canada
adds a new dimension to the evolving history of both
Nunavut and Canada.
- Related Website:
- 2) North Divides from CBC Radio http://radio.cbc.ca/nunavut/
in Canadian History by C. Williams
- Learn about the lives of women in Canada.
- More Websites About Canada
Aquatic Environment from University of
- Here you can find information on the plants, animals,
Artic from University of Guelph
- Here you can access tons of information on the
plants, animals, and fungi that live in the arctic region
of Canada. The site includes Arctic images, news, and
Constitutional Documents by W.F. Maton
- Here you find the documents that helped create the
country of Canada.
- Website companion to the print magazine, here you can
find articles, maps, travel information, photographs, and
more about Canada.
- This institution is responsible for national policies
and programs that promote Canadian content, foster
cultural participation, active citizenship and
participation in Canada's civic life, and strengthen
connections among Canadians.
- This is a nonprofit trade and lobby organization,
representing Canadian daily newspapers (English and
- This is an online news source of Canada from a radio
and television network.
- Related Website:
- 2) CBC for Kids http://www.cbc.ca/kids/
- Other Canadian Media Groups:
- 3) National Film Board of Canada http://www.nfb.ca/
- 4) Radio Canada International http://www.rcinet.ca/
- Here you find information, activities, virtual
postcards, and more on Canada's special days, including
National Aboriginal Day, Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day, and
- Related Website:
- 2) Canada Day from Kids Domain
- Learn about this sometimes forgotten forest, one of
the rarest and most endangered types of ancient forest in
the world, a coastal temperate rainforest.
Maps - Canadian Map from U.S. Library of
Congress's American Memory Collection
- This collection contains historical bird's-eye view
maps of Canadian provinces.
- Permafrost underlies about half of the ground surface
of Canada, and it may be more than 500 metres thick in
the far north of the country.
- Trans Canada
- Learn about this trail that will make its way through
every province and territory.
Hockey / Understanding Canada from Canadian
- Consider how hockey tells us about Canada's economic
system, about French/ English and Catholic/ Protestant
tensions, the Canadian identity, government's roles in
recreation, leisure, and professional sport, and the
- Related Websites:
- 2) Backcheck: A Hockey Retrospective from the
National Library of Canada
- 3) Hockey Canada http://www.hockeycanada.ca/
- 4) Hockey News http://www.thn.com/
- 5) National Hockey Legue http://www.nhl.com/
- 6) Women's Hockey in Canada http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~andria/country/canada/
Kind of World Do You Want? from the United
Nations Association of Canada
- Here you can read young Canadians' ideas about what
kind of world they'd like to live in.
- World Wildlife
- Founded in 1967, this organization works to save the
animals and endangered elements in nature.
- Related Websites:
- 2) Species at Risk from Environment Canada
- 3) Upper Canada Migratory Bird Sanctuary http://www.uppercanadabirdsanctuary.com/
- Websites For Teachers
- Students will explore the identity of Canada in this
unit study. They will learn about its geography, that is,
its landforms, river systems, climate, and vegetation.
They will also learn about places within the country, its
national and regional symbols, and its people,
Diversity (Grades 7-10)
- The purpose of this unit is to increase student
awareness about cultural diversity in Canada.
Across the Border: Welcome to Canada! (Grade 3)
by M. Bardrick and B. Conaway, Nichols Hill
Elementary, Oklahoma City
- This unit plan introduces a study of Canada.
- Related Lesson from Core Knowledge:
- 2) Canada: A Land Rich in Beauty and Culture! (Grade
3) by K. Peters, Elbert County
- Charter School http://www.coreknowledge.org/CKproto2/resrcs/lessons/01_3_Canada.pdf
Discover Canada (Grade 4) by S. Hay, D. Whitney,
and K. Sharpe, Stirling Junior Public School
- Students research and gather information through a
series of challenges and quests on the provinces and
territories of Canada. They learn about the location and
and characteristics of the physical regions of Canada,
and investigate the exchange of goods and resources among
Studes Lesson Plans & Ideas (Canada)
- Here you find a collection of lesson and unit at both
the elementary and secondary grade levels.
- Created by