The Topic: 
Civil Rights

Easier - Civil rights means that people have the right to be treated the same regardless of their race, gender, or religion. These rights are law in the United States and many other nations.
 
Harder - Civil rights are guaranteed by law but took many years to achieve. For example even after the Civil War, African Americans were treated badly. They got the worst jobs and were paid poorly. Blacks and white were segregated. In other words, they were kept separate in public places including at theaters, restrooms, schools and in transportation. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed in 1909 to push for civil rights. In a case called Brown vs. Board of Education, the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954 ruled that segregation of public schools by race violates the Constitution. In the 1950's and 1960's Martin Luther King Jr. became known as the leader for the nonviolent civil rights movement.
 
Although often associated with the plight of African Americans, other groups have also fought for their civil rights including women, immigrant groups (Irish, Chinese, Japanese), and religious groups.
 
 
 American Civil Rights Review 
http://webusers.anet-stl.com/~civil/index.html
This site speaks out on today's civil rights issues, the new Civil Rights Movement 
 
Civil Rights Law and History 
http://www.usdoj.gov/kidspage/crt/crtmenu.htm
This site discusses federal civil rights laws and give examples from history that led to their passage.
 
Stand Up For Your Rights at American Experience
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/kids/civilrights//
This site talks about civil rights; featured are women and the vote, school desegregation, and religious freedom. Profiled are Anne Hutchinson, Alice Paul, and Little Rock, Arkansas.
 
Voices of the Civil Rights Era 
http://www.webcorp.com/civilrights/voices.htm
Three distinct visions of the future (Kennedy, King and Malcolm X) are reflected in selected audio clips.
  
Choose a project and use the links below to solve the problem or create a project.
 
Civil Rights Enforcer. The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice is in charge of making sure that civil rights are defended. Explore the Civil Rights Law and History site and choose a group (Americans with Disabilities, American Indians, Japanese Americans, Institutionalized Persons) that has had problems with their civil rights in the past. Trace their progress and create a slide show in PowerPoint to share with a group.
 
Issue Investigator. Civil rights problems are often associated with a particular barrier such as employment, voting, housing, or wages. Explore one of these problems and trace whether there is still a problem. Write a letter to the editor about the problem.
 
The Voices. Listen to some Voices of the Civil Rights Era . In small groups, explore one of the following civil rights leaders: John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Gandhi, Elijah Muhammad, or Malcolm X. Create a chart that compares and contrasts the perspectives of these men.
 
Just Me. There are many people who have become civil rights advocates because of their actions. Rosa Parks and a bus, Jackie Robinson and a baseball, George Washington Carver and the peanut are just a few. Choose a person and create a visual that represents their advocacy.
 
Examine Brown Vs. the Board of Education. Many people consider Brown vs. Board of Education to be the most important case in civil rights history. Recreate this time period and the trial.
 
Complete a Civil Rights WebQuest. Follow or adapt the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites: 
1) Civil Rights Leaders in the 20th Century: Justice for All? by L. Clark, W. Clemons, A. Delgado, and S. Rivas (Grade 6) http://hale.pepperdine.edu/~aldelgad/civilrightsleaders.html
2) Civil Rights Movement by J. Wilson http://webtech.kennesaw.edu/jwilson/webquest.htm
3) Civil Rights WebQuest (Grade 6-8) http://home.sullivan.k12.il.us/teachers/dwyer/Rights.htm
4) Civil Rights WebQuest by K. Walthall (Grade 9) http://www.aea2.k12.ia.us/Curriculum/webquest/walthall/civilrightswebquest.htm
5) Civil Rights WebQuest: Imagine . . http://fp.seattleschools.org/fpclass/web33/index.htm
6) Civil Rights of the 1960's (Grade 9-12) http://www.brownsburg.k12.in.us/bhs/staff/teachers/stucker/WebQu
ests/CivilRights/index.htm
7) Civil Rights WebQuest http://www.loudoun.k12.va.us/schools/sms/civilrights/civilrightswebquest.html
8) Civil Rights Movement: A Retrospective http://hale.ssd.k12.wa.us/~nwinard/library/civil.htm
9) Experiencing the Sit-Ins: A Civil Rights WebQuest (Grade 11)
http://www.people.virginia.edu/~jbl4q/EDLF/student.htm
10) Little Rock 9, Integration 0? http://www.filamentality.com/wired/BHM/little_rock/intro.html
 
Be a Reader. Read the Newbery award winning book, The Watsons Go to Birmingham. The book takes place in 1963.
Websites By Kids For Kids
Civil Rights 
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/3515/cvlrts2.html
This website, created by high school students, focuses on preconditions for change, the Montgomery bus boycott, Brown Vs. the Board.
 
Civil Rights Movement: Turbulent Times (2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/C004391F/
This site covers the major events of the Civil Rights Movement.
 
Civil Rights Timeline: Jan. 15, 1929 - Dec. 21, 1956
http://www.4essays.com/essays/CIVIL_RI.HTM
This is the site of a student's timeline of the Civil Rights Movement.
 
Fight for Equal Rights (1999 ThinkQuest Junior Project
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/5709/
This site concentrates on the Civil Rights Movement during the turbulent 60s.
 
Free at Last: The Civil Rights Movement in the United States (2001 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112391/
Did you know that in the 1950's Blacks weren't allowed to eat in the same restaurants as Whites, weren't allowed to drink out of the same drinking fountains as Whites, and often weren't allowed to vote?
 
Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate: Beyond the Playing Field 
http://www.nara.gov/education/teaching/robinson/robmain.html
(National Archives and Records Administration)
This site contains numerous records relating to Jackie Robinson, many which pertain to his period of civil rights advocacy.
 
Law and Society (1997 ThinkQuest Project
http://library.thinkquest.org/10718/
The historical U.S. Supreme Court civil rights case of Brown vs. the Board of Education is discussed here.
 
Road to Civil Rights for African-Americans (1998 ThinkQuest Junior Project
http://tqjunior.advanced.org/4623/
The website investigates a turbulent time in American history through the biographical stories of Civil Rights leaders.
 
Stamp on Black History (1998 ThinkQuest Project
http://library.thinkquest.org/10320/Stamps.htm
In 1940, Booker T. Washington became the first black American to be honored on a U.S. postage stamp issue. Since then, other black Americans have been honored as individuals and/or depicted as representatives of their race in different categories such as civil rights, sports, science, and music on U.S. stamps.
 
More Sites
Affirmative Action: Two Views  by J. L. Jackson and A. Williams
http://www.usis.usemb.se/sft/sf14114.htm
Special Feature from The World & I - investigate the opposing opinions of Jesse Jackson and Armstrong Williams on the issue of Affirmative Action.
 
American Civil Rights Movement 
http://www.angelfire.com/ok/ush2civilrights/webopen.html
The site covers American Civil Rights from early 1900 through 1970.
 
Brown vs. Board of Education 
http://www.digisys.net/users/hootie/brown/
Explore background information, facts about the case, and sound clips from the people involved.
 
Civil Rights Oral History Bibliography 
http://www-dept.usm.edu/~mcrohb/
Here is a detailed guide to over nine hundred oral history interviews about the civil rights movement in Mississippi.
 
Civil Rights: A Status Report 
http://www.ghgcorp.com/hollaway/civil.htm
This site contains a history of the movement from the discovery of the New World to the present day.
 
Civil Rights: Law and History (U.S. Department of Justice
http://www.usdoj.gov/kidspage/crt/crtmenu.htm
These pages describe the federal civil rights laws and give examples from history that led to their passage.
 
Civil Rights Era (African American Odyssey, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html#09a
Here exhibits from historic archives explain how the black community experienced this postwar period with desegregation, legal victories, protest marches, and more.
 
Civil Rights Tour
http://www.angelfire.com/ok/ush2civilrights/webopen.html
This educational site starts with the foundation and philosophy of the movement and then covers the people and events.
 
Greensboro Sit Ins: Launch of a Civil Rights Movement by Jim Schlosser, News & Record
http://www.sitins.com/
At this site, read and hear about the events from the participants themselves.
  
How I Fought For Civil Rights at My Story: Rosa Parks 
http://teacher.scholastic.com/rosa/index.htm
You can view pictures of the Civil Rights Movement, relive the bus boycott, and meet Rosa Parks. Click on Teacher's Guide for classroom activities.
 
National Civil Rights Museum
http://sevier.net/civilrights/main.htm
Housed in the Lorraine Motel, this Museum has been described as an 'in-your-face' look at the U. S. struggle to live up to its Constitutional responsibility of guaranteeing an equal and fair society.
 
Timeline of the American Civil Rights Movement 
http://www.wmich.edu/politics/mlk/
These pages profile the major milestones in the Civil Rights movement from 1954 through 1965, starting with Brown vs. Board of Education and ending with the march from Selma.
 
We Shall Overcome 
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/civilrights/
This website includes a map and information on important people and places in the Civil Rights Movement.
 
Websites For Teachers
Civil Rights: Casualties of Wartime (Grade 9-12) 
http://www.col-ed.org/cur/sst/sst38.txt
This lesson plan examines the issue of wartime and its effects on civil rights.
 
Civil Rights History at National Archives and Records Administration 
http://www.nara.gov/education/teaching/robinson/jrles1.html
This lesson has learners identifying key civil rights events and issues between 1957 and 1972 by analyzing archival documents.
 
Civil Rights Movement (Grade 9-12) 
http://www.lessonplanspage.com/SSCICivilRightsMovementWebProjectHS.htm
The students will gain an understanding of the events of the Civil Rights Movement and its context in African-American history, outline the contributions of leaders, and develop an original piece of self-expression on the topic of Black History based on research using traditional and on-line resources.
 
Ruby Bridges by D. Archibald (Grade 2-3) 
http://teacherlink.ed.usu.edu/TLresources/longterm/LessonPlans/famous/rubybrid.html
Students learn about being patient, courageous, hopeful, and peaceful, by studying the experiences of Ruby Bridges in the South. Includes lesson plan and activity ideas
 
Impact of Jim Crow (Grade10) 
http://www.davison.k12.mi.us/get-it/pugh/jimcrow.htm
Students will understand the content of the Jim Crow laws, their impact, and connect Jim Crow laws with racial conditions of the 20th century.
 
black history
Martin Luther King,Jr.
nonviolent protest
passive resistance
Rosa Parks
rights
Letter from the Burmingham Jail
Japanese Americans
Jackie Robinson
Brown vs. Bd. of Education
March from Selma
Greensboro Four
prejudice
laws
advocacy
women
Little Rock Central High
sit-in
desegregation
freedom rider
human rights
march
segregation
NAACP
Plessey vs. Ferguson
Native Americans
riot
KlanWatch
church bombing
Jim Crow Laws
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, Updated by Nancy Smith, 8/01.