The Topic:
Ancient Egypt

Easier - The Nile River Valley gave rich, fertile soil for farming. Yearly floods provided fresh nutrients. People settled there over 5,000 years ago. The Egyptians believed in many gods and in a perfect eternal life after death. They were ruled by pharaohs with absolute power. After death, they preserved their ruler's bodies by embalming and buried them in pyramid tombs. These royal tombs were decorated by paintings and filled with food, jewelry, clothing, weapons, tools, and statues. Egyptians also invented hieroglyphic writing and made advances in medicine, mathematics, and irrigation and farming methods. Their way of life thrived until 30 BC, when the Romans conquered the empire.
Harder - Egypt was the longest-lived civilization in the ancient world. Their ancient culture along the Nile River in northeastern Africa began about 3,300 BC and thrived for over 3,000 years. Seasonal rains in the southern highlands inundated the Nile every year causing the river to overflow its banks. When the floodwaters receded, a layer of rich black topsoil covered the flood plain. This condition enabled the Egyptians to develop a successful farming economy.
Other natural factors contributed to ancient Egypt's rise to a great empire in the Nile region. The region's climate provided a relatively cloudless sky where the sun consistently provided heat and light almost every day. The Nile River served as a transportation highway and provided life-giving fresh water that sustained both plant and animals. Surrounding natural barriers provided protection for the people; a vast desert to the west, seas to the north and east, and the upper rapids or cataracts of the Nile prevented hostile attacks from the south.
In this location a sophisticated and creative society developed, the only one in the area to endure for thousands of years. The Egyptians developed principles of architecture, mathematics, and construction, enabling them to construct large stone buildings as early as 2,500 BC. Their enduring artwork in sculpture, painting, and drawing still captivates today's viewers. Egyptians studied medicine and dentistry. They processed thin, flat paper like sheets from papyrus on which they wrote their texts. They developed a written script of hieroglyphs, a form of picture writing. Egyptians also originated many basic arithmetic and geometry concepts. Their calendar was based on the observation of the Sun and stars. They produced a vast body of written records that included ethical and moralistic treatises, instructional texts, religious and mythical scrolls, poetry, epic tales, and ribald stories. Egypt became a major power in the ancient world, dominating the region until their conquest by Romans.
Ancient Egypt from Royal Ontario Museum
Learn about everyday life in ancient Egypt. This site contains information, folk tales, games and activities, and lots of links.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt
3) Ancient Egypt for Kids
4) Ancient Egypt from Discovery Channel
5) Ancient Egypt from Gander Academy
6) Ancient Egypt from History for Kids!
7) Ancient Egypt form Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport
8) Ancient Egypt from Snaith Primary School
9) Ancient Egypt from Kent School District
10) Daily Life in Ancient Egypt by L. & D. Donn
11) History of Egypt from Little Horus
12) History of Egypt
13) Rosetta Stone from Cleveland Museum of Art's Rosetta Stone's Site
Ancient Egypt from the British Museum
This site explores what life was like in Ancient Egypt. Learn about the pharaohs, pyramids, temples, gods and goddesses, and much more.
Other Online Exhibits:
2) Ancient Egyptian Culture Exhibit from Minnesota State University's eMuseum
3) Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple
4) Egypt Odyssey Online by M.C.C. Musemu from Emory University
5) Life in Ancient Egypt from The Walton Hall of Ancient Egypt, Carnegie Museum of
Natural History
6) Life of Ancient Egyptians from Egyptian State Information Service
7) Mysteries of Egypt from Canadian Museum of Civilization
8) Splendors of Ancient Egypt from St. Petersburg Times
9) Quest for Immortality: Treasures of Ancient Egypt from National Gallery of Art
Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple
This comprehensive website on ancient Egypt includes ancient Egyptian life, hieroglyphics, pyramid construction, religion, and more. If it's Egypt, it's probably here.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt from Exploring Ancient World Cultures, University of Evansville
3) Ancient Egypt from University of Richmond
4) Ancient Egypt: An Introduction to the History and Culture of Pharaonic Egypt
5) Egyptians from BBC
6) Egypt Antiquities & Ancient Egypt Information from Tour Egypt
7) Egypt's Golden Empire from PBS
8) Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt
9) Neferchichi's Tomb by K. Fleury
10) Virtual Egypt
Egypt: Secrets of an Ancient World from National Geographic
Here you can explore the pyramids and find out what happens when archaeologists use a robot to explore the Great Pyramid.
Related Websites:
2) At the Tomb of Tutankhamen from National Geographic
3) Catchpenny Mysteries of Ancient Egypt by L. Orcutt
4) Egyptian Pyramid from Encyclopedia Smithsonian
5) Great Pyramid of Giza
6) Great Pyramid of Giza
7) Khufu's Great Pyramid from The UnMuseum
8) Mysteries of the Nile from PBS NOVA Online
9) Pharaoh's Obelisk from PBS NOVA Online
10) Pyramids from Egyptian State Information Service
11) Pyramids: The Inside Story from PBS NOVA Online
12) Secrets of the Pharaohs from PBS
13) Sphinx from Egyptian State Information Service
14) Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser (a.k.a. Zozer)
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
Write In Egyptian Hieroglyphs. You might want to see your name in hieroglyphs, the way an Egyptian scribe might have written it. Visit Write Like An Egyptian from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology or Name in Hieroglyphic. Write a few other phrases or a favorite quotation.
Play A Pyramid Game. Visit Build A Pyramid Game (Requires Shockwave) from Discovery. There you attempt to build your pyramid before time runs out. You probably will want to start with the tutorial section of the site.
Take An Online Mummy Quiz. See how you do with the online quiz at Kid Quiz with Rosetta Stone from the Cleveland Museum of Art.
Learn About Building A Pyramid. Begin your research by visiting the websites for information on the pyramids. Continue with navigating through Building The Great Pyramid by R. Carkner. What would the price tag be for building a great pyramid today. Select your ideal location, estimate how much land would be needed and how much that land would cost. Where would the needed stone be readily available? Consider the needs and cost for stonecutters, transportation, equipment, construction, and labor. You can find and adapt project guidelines and procedures found at Mr. Pitonyak's Pyramid Page. Continue estimating all the costs and time needed to build your pyramid. Construct a model of your finished pyramid.
Complete An Ancient Egypt WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites:
1) Ancient Egypt by L. Beebe, M. Lewis, & Y.McCoy
2) Ancient Egypt WebQuest by A. Tronpeter
3) Creating an Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus
4) I Want My Mummy! (Grade 6-8) by T. Hebert
5) King Tutankhamun: Was It Murder? by M. Decker
6) Nubia – The Other Gift of the Nile by G. Desler and C. Conforti
Play An Ancient Egyptian Boardgame. One or two players can play this fun game (Requires Flash). Follow the procedures found at Senet and see if you can move all your game pieces off the board first. Since no rules or directions were ever found for this game, speculate on any other way that the game might have been played. Can you figure out the way that the sticks thrown are scored? You might also be interested in Nine Men's Morris, another board game which you print out and play.
Create An Egyptian Model. Construct a paper model of a pharaoh's death mask; follow the directions found at Build a Pharaoh from the Cleveland Museum of Art Rosetta Stone's Site. You may choose to follow the illustrations and steps of Make Your Own Mummy.
Color Pictures Of Ancient Egypt. Print out the pages found at Color Me Egypt from Tour Egypt. Some learners may want to follow procedures at Draw Like An Egyptian to create original artwork in ancient Egyptian style.
Send An Ancient Egypt eCard. Follow the directions found at Send a Virtual Ancient Egyptian Postcard form King TutOne.
Write An Article For The Egyptian Times. Pretend that you are a journalist in ancient Egypt. Write and illustrate your article for the vintage press. You can see examples at Egyptian News.
Websites By Kids For Kids
Ancient Egypt from Empires (2002, ThinkQuest National Gold Medal Winner)
This project houses information and resources, activities, and more.
Related Projects:
2) Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
3) Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
Ancient Egypt Web from Sir Robert Hitcham's Primary School
Here primary school students report on what they learned about life in ancient Egypt. The site includes original illustrations.
Art of Ancient Egypt (Grade 3)
This project provides a brief summary of Egyptian art.
Egyptian Adventure (2000 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
This overview of ancient Egypt provides information about rulers, places, ways of life, and more!
Mummy Online! (1999 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
Learn all about mummies and mummification.
Related Project:
2) Mummies Of Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
Pharaohs Clinic (2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
The skills of the ancient Egyptians in preserving bodies through mummification are well known, but their expertise in the everyday medical practices needed to treat living is less familiar and often misinterpreted.
Woman Called Egypt (2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
This site uses a play format to approach the important events of Cleopatra VII's life.
World of Ancient Egypt (ThinkQuest Project)
Learn about ancient Egyptian daily life, mummification, royalty, and hieroglyphics.
Related ThinkQuest Projects:
2) Enchantment of Ancient Egypt
More Websites on Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian Cats from Cats and Kittens Magazine
This essay explores the domestication and deification of cats by ancient Egyptians.
Ancient Egyptian Mathematics
This website summarizes the advances that ancient Egyptians made in mathematics.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Mathematics
3) Egyptian Method of Multiplication from Math Forum's Ask Dr. Math
Anthony's Egyptology & Archaeology
The civilization of Ancient Egypt managed to thrive for over 3,000 years in an arid and desolate portion of Africa. Although probably best known for their architectural and artistic achievements, there is much more to this complex and innovative people.
Related Websites:
2) Akhet Egyptology
3) Ancient Egypt by J. Kinnaer
4) Digital Egypt for Universities from University College London
5) Guardian's Egypt by A. Bayuk
Art of Ancient Egypt from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
For over three thousand years the Egyptians adhered to a prescribed set of rules as to how a work of art in three dimensions should be presented. The exhibit is organized around themes (Egyptian beliefs, people in Ancient Egypt etc.) or visitors can explore the exhibit in a timeline.
Other Egyptian Art Sites:
2) Ancient Egypt: The Eternal Voice from McClung Museum
3) Ancient Egyptian Art from Michael C. Carlos Museum
4) Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to Art of the Ancient World from The Art Institute of
5) Egypt: Highlights of the Collections from Oriental Institute Museum
6) EgyptArt by R. Deurer
7) Egypt from Detroit Institute of Arts' Ancient Art
8) Egypt: Gift of the Nile from Seattle Art Museum
9) Egyptian Antiquities from Louvre Museum
10) Egyptian Art from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
11) Egyptian Artifacts Exhibit from Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology, The University
of Memphis
Color Tour of Egypt from Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology, The University of Memphis
Take a tour of over a dozen different ancient Egyptian sites along the Nile River.
Directory of Ancient Egyptian Gods
This site lists and describes the Egyptian Gods.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Mythology
3) Egyptian Mythological Deities
Duke Papyrus Archive
The Duke Papyrus Archive provides electronic access to texts about and images of nearly 1400 papyri from ancient Egypt.
Egyptian History and Antiquities from Tour Egypt
Here you find a summary of Egyptian history.
Not-To-Be-Missed Section:
2) History of Egypt
House and Garden from Ancient Egypt
Learn about the design and construction of Egyptian houses.
Related Website:
2) History of Plumbing - Egypt from The Plumber
How to Build a Pyramid from The Unnatural Museum
So, how did the ancient Egyptians construct such an impressive monument so long ago? Some wild theories exist.
Related Websites:
2) Discovery of the Tombs of the Pyramid Builders at Giza by Z. Hawass
3) Pyramid Builders
4) Pyramids from King TutOne
5) Pyramids: Design and Construction
6) Pyramids in Egypt from University College London
Learn All About Reading Hieroglyphics
So you want to write like an Egyptian, huh? Well it took several years for aspiring scribes to learn how to do it, so for the sake of time this site just covers the basics.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Hieroglyphs
3) Egyptian Hieroglyphs
4) Hieroglyphs
5) Hieroglyphics
6) Hieroglyphics
7) Papyrus of Nes-Min: Egyptian Book of the Dead from Detroit Institute of the Arts
8) Rosetta Stone
9) Writing
Medicine from Minnesota State University's eMuseum
The Egyptians were advanced medical practitioners for their time. They were masters of human anatomy and healing mostly due to the extensive mummification ceremonies.
Related Website:
2) In Sickness and in Health: The Healers and Their Art
3) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 1 of 3)
4) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 2 of 3)
5) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 2 of 3)
6) Medicine In Old Egypt
Mummies of Ancient Egypt from University of Michigan School of Information
What are mummies? How were they made? Who were they? Here you can learn about Egyptian afterlife.
Related Websites:
2) All About Mummies from Neferchichi's Tomb
3) All About Mummies from Virtual Egypt
4) Ask the Mummy from Cleveland Museum of Art's Rosetta Stone's Site
5) Cyber Mummy
6) Dan Murphy's Mummy Web Page
7) Death in Ancient Egypt by A.A. O'Brien from Oriental Institute
8) Death & Burial from Egypt Odyssey from Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University
9) Egyptian Mummies from Smithsonian Institution
10) Egyptian Mummies from King TutOne
11) How to Make a Mummy from National Geographic
12) Mummies Unmasked from National Geographic
13) Mummy Tombs
14) You Wouldn't Want To Be An Egyptian Mummy! from Salariya Book Company
Nubia from Egyptian State Information Service
This online exhibition gives information about Nubia, its geography, economic importance, a chronology of its history, traditions, culture, and history.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Africa's Black Kingdoms
3) Ancient Nubia from The Freeman Institute
4) Kush, Meroe, and Nubia
5) Nubia
6) Nubia: Renown Unearthed from Ruins from Michigan Today
7) Nubia: Struggling to Protect a Glorious Past from PBS's Black Kingdoms of the Nile
Sacred Scarab from McClung Museum
By far the most important amulet in ancient Egypt was the scarab, symbolically as sacred to the Egyptians as the cross is to Christians.
Related Website:
2) Scarabs from Victor's Egyptology
Tomb of Senneferi from University of Cambridge
This site provides information on an archaeological fieldwork project in progress.
Not-To-Be-Missed Section:
2) QTVR Movies
Related Website:
3) Tomb of Senneferi
People of Ancient Egypt
Encyclopedia of the Rulers of Egypt from Egyptian State Information Service
There are also more than 170 Pharaohs, and some of them have names that are very similar to each other. Did you know that there were seven Cleopatras (the really famous one was Cleopatra VII). Here you find a list of all of the Pharaohs and all of the dynasties and all of the kingdoms.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Kings (Pharaohs) from Tour Egypt
3) Pharaohs from Cleveland Museum of Art
4) Pharaohs of the Sun from Boston Museum of Fine Arts
5) Timeline of the Pharaohs from Travels with Mousey
Akhenaten from King TutOne
Akhenaten was Egypt’s most profound pharaoh to rule Egypt. He led Egypt in a direction that would tag him “The Heretic Pharaoh.” He brought forth new ideas mainly in religion and art that would leave a lasting impression on the world.
Related Websites:
2) Akhenaten
3) Akhenaten?
4) Akhenaten by M. Lorenz
5) Akhenaten - The Glory of the Aten
5) Akhenaten, The Sun King
Amenhotep III from King TutOne
This pharaoh ruled during a peaceful time and beautified Egypt.
Related Websites:
2) Amenhotep III from Gurardian's Egypt
3) Amenhotep III, the Ninth King of Egypt's 18th Dynasty by J. Dunn
Ankhesenamun from King TutOne
She married Tutankhamun at the age of thirteen and might have tried to save the throne.
Related Websites:
2) Ankhesenamun
3) Ankhsenamun
Cleopatra from The Field Museum
Was she a hero or a villain? A beauty or a beguiler? A brilliant leader or a ruthless destroyer? Explore the myth and mystery of Cleopatra, Egypt’s last queen.
Other Cleopatra Websites:
2) Cleopatra
3) Cleopatra from King TutOne
4) Cleopatra VII
5) Cleopatra from Little Horus
6) Cleopatra, the Last Pharaoh (B.C. 69-30)
Hatshepsut from King TutOne
This lady was full of ambition and dressed like a pharaoh to preserve her dominance.
Related Websites:
2) Hatshepsut from Tour Egypt
3) Hatshepsut, Female Pharaoh of Egypt by C. Seawright
4) Hatshepsut: The Woman Who Was King
5) Pharaoh Maatkare Hatshepsut
6) Story of Hatshepsut by D. Bediz
Imhotep, Doctor, Architect, High Priest, Scribe and Vizier to King Djoser by J. Dunn
Of the non royal population of Egypt, this one man is probably known better than all others.
Related Websites:
2) Imhotep
3) Imhoptep "Father of Medicine" (2980 B.C.)
Nefertiti: The Great Royal Wife by N. Didier from Suite 101
Nefertiti first appears on the scene when she becomes the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten. Scholars still debate her origins, some believing that she was a princess from another land. Those believing her to be of Egyptian origin are also divided.
Related Website:
2) Nefertiti
3) Nefertiti from King TutOne
4) Nefertiti: the Queen in her Chariot from Nile Muse
5) Queen Nefertiti
6) Queen Nefertiti from Afro-American Almanac
Pharaoh Khufu from Guardian's Egypt
Khufu (2589-2566 BC) was the 4th Dynasty (2613-2498) pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Related Websites:
2) Khufu by M. Parsons from Tour Egypt
3) Pharaoh Khufu (2642 B.C.-2573 B.C.)
4) Pharaoh Khufu from King TutOne
5) Pharaoh Khufu and the Great Pyramid by T.J. James
Ramses II from King TutOne
This great Pharaoh had a huge lifespan during his time. Find out what made him so spectacular.
Related Website:
2) King Ramses II
3) Ramses II from The Pharaohs Network
4) Ramses II from Tour Egypt
5) Ramses the Great
Snefru from King TutOne
Learn about the pharaoh that was responsible for so many pyramids.
Related Websites:
2) King Snefru: The First Great Pyramid Builder by V. Davies & R. Friedman
3) Snefru
4) Snefru, 1st King of Egypt's 4th Dynasty by J. Dunn
Tutankhamun from Canadian Museum of Civilization
His story continues to unfold as new theories are proposed in an attempt to explain what really happened to the boy behind the golden mask.
Related Websites:
2) Death of Pharaoh
3) Guardian's King Tut
4) King Tut
5) King Tut from King TutOne
6) Tutankhamun: Boy King
Websites For Teachers
Ancient Egypt: Lesson Plans for Teachers from Detroit Institute of Arts
This site houses a collection of cross-curricular lesson plans created by local teachers.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt - A Thematic Unit for Elementary Students by S. Seagraves
Ancient Egypt (Grades 6-8) by C. Lenoir from AskERIC
This lesson plan leads students to discover ancient Egypt through literature and written language.
Other Related Lessons from AskERIC:
2) Ancient Egypt and Hieroglyphics (Grade 2) by R. Leonardi . . .
3) Egyptian Tomb Paintings (Grades 6-8) by J.M. Phillips
4) Fun with Hieroglyphics (Grade 4) by D. Conley and B. Hall . . .
5) Mummification (Grades 6-8) by C. Armstrong
6) My Pyramid - Preparing for a Journey (Grades 4-8) by N. Kraig
7) Pictograph Stone Carving (Grades 3-5) by P.P. Olson
Here you find activity ideas for a unit study of Egypt plus a bibliography of literature.
Egyptian Multiplication (Grades 6- 9)
Using an Egyptian algorithm, students learn to multiply any two numbers.
Hidden History of Egypt (Grades 6-8) from Discovery School
In this lesson, learners research one aspect of daily life in ancient Egypt such as food, housing, and religion.
Other Related Lessons & Activities from DiscoverySchool:
2) Akhenaten (Grades 6-8)
3) Ancient Egypt (Grades 6-8)
4) Build A Tomb Activity (Grades 6-12)
5) Cleopatra (Grades 6-8)
6) Egyptian Antiquities (Grades 6-8)
7) Making Mummies (Grades 6-8)
8) Mummy Tales (Grades 6-8)
9) Wheel of Pharaoh (Grades K-5)
Rosetta stone
ancient Africa
king & queen
number system
ancient China
funeral mask
Rosetta Stone
god & goddess
Canopic jar
ancient Rome
Nile River
"Book of the Dead"
Valley of the Kings
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 3/03.