The Topic:
Ancient Egypt

Easier - The Nile River Valley gave rich, fertile soil for farming. Yearly floods provided fresh nutrients. People settled there over 5,000 years ago. The Egyptians believed in many gods and in a perfect eternal life after death. They were ruled by pharaohs with absolute power. After death, they preserved their ruler's bodies by embalming and buried them in pyramid tombs. These royal tombs were decorated by paintings and filled with food, jewelry, clothing, weapons, tools, and statues. Egyptians also invented hieroglyphic writing and made advances in medicine, mathematics, and irrigation and farming methods. Their way of life thrived until 30 BC, when the Romans conquered the empire.
 
Harder - Egypt was the longest-lived civilization in the ancient world. Their ancient culture along the Nile River in northeastern Africa began about 3,300 BC and thrived for over 3,000 years. Seasonal rains in the southern highlands inundated the Nile every year causing the river to overflow its banks. When the floodwaters receded, a layer of rich black topsoil covered the flood plain. This condition enabled the Egyptians to develop a successful farming economy.
 
Other natural factors contributed to ancient Egypt's rise to a great empire in the Nile region. The region's climate provided a relatively cloudless sky where the sun consistently provided heat and light almost every day. The Nile River served as a transportation highway and provided life-giving fresh water that sustained both plant and animals. Surrounding natural barriers provided protection for the people; a vast desert to the west, seas to the north and east, and the upper rapids or cataracts of the Nile prevented hostile attacks from the south.
 
In this location a sophisticated and creative society developed, the only one in the area to endure for thousands of years. The Egyptians developed principles of architecture, mathematics, and construction, enabling them to construct large stone buildings as early as 2,500 BC. Their enduring artwork in sculpture, painting, and drawing still captivates today's viewers. Egyptians studied medicine and dentistry. They processed thin, flat paper like sheets from papyrus on which they wrote their texts. They developed a written script of hieroglyphs, a form of picture writing. Egyptians also originated many basic arithmetic and geometry concepts. Their calendar was based on the observation of the Sun and stars. They produced a vast body of written records that included ethical and moralistic treatises, instructional texts, religious and mythical scrolls, poetry, epic tales, and ribald stories. Egypt became a major power in the ancient world, dominating the region until their conquest by Romans.
 
Ancient Egypt from Royal Ontario Museum
http://www.rom.on.ca/egypt/
Learn about everyday life in ancient Egypt. This site contains information, folk tales, games and activities, and lots of links.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt http://www.angelfire.com/wi/egypt/index.html
3) Ancient Egypt for Kids http://www.angelfire.com/ca/pye/index.html
4) Ancient Egypt from Discovery Channel http://dsc.discovery.com/guides/history/egypt.html
5) Ancient Egypt from Gander Academy http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/egypt.htm
6) Ancient Egypt from History for Kids! http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/egypt/index.htm
7) Ancient Egypt form Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport http://www.mrdowling.com/604egypt.html
8) Ancient Egypt from Snaith Primary School http://home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/egypt.htm
9) Ancient Egypt from Kent School District http://www.kent.wednet.edu/curriculum/soc_studies/Egypt/egypt.html
10) Daily Life in Ancient Egypt by L. & D. Donn
http://members.aol.com/Donnclass/Egyptlife.html
11) History of Egypt from Little Horus http://www.horus.ics.org.eg/html/history1.html
12) History of Egypt http://touregypt.net/kids/History.htm
13) Rosetta Stone from Cleveland Museum of Art's Rosetta Stone's Site
http://www.clemusart.com/archive/pharaoh/rosetta/index.html
 
Ancient Egypt from the British Museum
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/
This site explores what life was like in Ancient Egypt. Learn about the pharaohs, pyramids, temples, gods and goddesses, and much more.
Other Online Exhibits:
2) Ancient Egyptian Culture Exhibit from Minnesota State University's eMuseum http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/
3) Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple http://showcase.netins.net/web/ankh/index.html
4) Egypt Odyssey Online by M.C.C. Musemu from Emory University
http://carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/EGYPT/homepg.html
5) Life in Ancient Egypt from The Walton Hall of Ancient Egypt, Carnegie Museum of
Natural History http://www.carnegiemuseums.org/cmnh/exhibits/egypt/index.htm
6) Life of Ancient Egyptians from Egyptian State Information Service http://www.us.sis.gov.eg/pharo/html/front.htm
7) Mysteries of Egypt from Canadian Museum of Civilization
http://www.civilization.ca/civil/egypt/egypt_e.html
8) Splendors of Ancient Egypt from St. Petersburg Times http://www2.sptimes.com/Egypt/
9) Quest for Immortality: Treasures of Ancient Egypt from National Gallery of Art
http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2002/egypt/
 
Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple
http://showcase.netins.net/web/ankh/
This comprehensive website on ancient Egypt includes ancient Egyptian life, hieroglyphics, pyramid construction, religion, and more. If it's Egypt, it's probably here.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt from Exploring Ancient World Cultures, University of Evansville
http://eawc.evansville.edu/egpage.htm
3) Ancient Egypt from University of Richmond
http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/as/education/projects/webunits/egypt/Main.html
4) Ancient Egypt: An Introduction to the History and Culture of Pharaonic Egypt
http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/index.html
5) Egyptians from BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/
6) Egypt Antiquities & Ancient Egypt Information from Tour Egypt
http://touregypt.net/egyptantiquities/
7) Egypt's Golden Empire from PBS http://www.pbs.org/empires/egypt/
8) Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt http://www.eyelid.co.uk/
9) Neferchichi's Tomb by K. Fleury http://www.neferchichi.com/
10) Virtual Egypt http://www.virtual-egypt.com/
  
Egypt: Secrets of an Ancient World from National Geographic
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pyramids/
Here you can explore the pyramids and find out what happens when archaeologists use a robot to explore the Great Pyramid.
Related Websites:
2) At the Tomb of Tutankhamen from National Geographic
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/egypt/
3) Catchpenny Mysteries of Ancient Egypt by L. Orcutt http://www.catchpenny.org/index.html
4) Egyptian Pyramid from Encyclopedia Smithsonian http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmnh/pyramid.htm
5) Great Pyramid of Giza http://ce.eng.usf.edu/pharos/wonders/pyramid.html
6) Great Pyramid of Giza http://www.cleveleys.co.uk/wonders/greatpyramid.htm
7) Khufu's Great Pyramid from The UnMuseum http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/kpyramid.htm
8) Mysteries of the Nile from PBS NOVA Online http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/egypt/
9) Pharaoh's Obelisk from PBS NOVA Online http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lostempires/obelisk/
10) Pyramids from Egyptian State Information Service http://www.us.sis.gov.eg/pyramid/html/pyr00.htm
11) Pyramids: The Inside Story from PBS NOVA Online
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/
12) Secrets of the Pharaohs from PBS http://www.pbs.org/wnet/pharaohs/index.html
13) Sphinx from Egyptian State Information Service http://www.us.sis.gov.eg/sphinx/html/sphnx000.htm
14) Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser (a.k.a. Zozer)
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/arth/zoser/zoser.html
 
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
 
Write In Egyptian Hieroglyphs. You might want to see your name in hieroglyphs, the way an Egyptian scribe might have written it. Visit Write Like An Egyptian from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology or Name in Hieroglyphic. Write a few other phrases or a favorite quotation.
 
Play A Pyramid Game. Visit Build A Pyramid Game (Requires Shockwave) from Discovery. There you attempt to build your pyramid before time runs out. You probably will want to start with the tutorial section of the site.
 
Take An Online Mummy Quiz. See how you do with the online quiz at Kid Quiz with Rosetta Stone from the Cleveland Museum of Art.
 
Learn About Building A Pyramid. Begin your research by visiting the websites for information on the pyramids. Continue with navigating through Building The Great Pyramid by R. Carkner. What would the price tag be for building a great pyramid today. Select your ideal location, estimate how much land would be needed and how much that land would cost. Where would the needed stone be readily available? Consider the needs and cost for stonecutters, transportation, equipment, construction, and labor. You can find and adapt project guidelines and procedures found at Mr. Pitonyak's Pyramid Page. Continue estimating all the costs and time needed to build your pyramid. Construct a model of your finished pyramid.
 
Complete An Ancient Egypt WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites:
1) Ancient Egypt by L. Beebe, M. Lewis, & Y.McCoy
http://www.foshay.k12.ca.us/MAC/Ancient%20Egypt/Index.htm
2) Ancient Egypt WebQuest by A. Tronpeter http://www.framingham.k12.ma.us/webquest/egypt.htm
3) Creating an Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus http://www.berksiu.k12.pa.us/webquest/Keeney/default.htm
4) I Want My Mummy! (Grade 6-8) by T. Hebert http://home.cfl.rr.com/mrshebert/Mummy/index.htm
5) King Tutankhamun: Was It Murder? by M. Decker http://www.pekin.net/pekin108/wash/webquest/
6) Nubia – The Other Gift of the Nile by G. Desler and C. Conforti http://imet.csus.edu/imet1/desler/nubia/student.htm
 
Play An Ancient Egyptian Boardgame. One or two players can play this fun game (Requires Flash). Follow the procedures found at Senet and see if you can move all your game pieces off the board first. Since no rules or directions were ever found for this game, speculate on any other way that the game might have been played. Can you figure out the way that the sticks thrown are scored? You might also be interested in Nine Men's Morris, another board game which you print out and play.
 
Create An Egyptian Model. Construct a paper model of a pharaoh's death mask; follow the directions found at Build a Pharaoh from the Cleveland Museum of Art Rosetta Stone's Site. You may choose to follow the illustrations and steps of Make Your Own Mummy.
 
Color Pictures Of Ancient Egypt. Print out the pages found at Color Me Egypt from Tour Egypt. Some learners may want to follow procedures at Draw Like An Egyptian to create original artwork in ancient Egyptian style.
 
Send An Ancient Egypt eCard. Follow the directions found at Send a Virtual Ancient Egyptian Postcard form King TutOne.
 
Write An Article For The Egyptian Times. Pretend that you are a journalist in ancient Egypt. Write and illustrate your article for the vintage press. You can see examples at Egyptian News.
Websites By Kids For Kids
Ancient Egypt from Empires (2002, ThinkQuest National Gold Medal Winner)
http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_egypt/egypt.htm
This project houses information and resources, activities, and more.
Related Projects:
2) Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge) http://library.thinkquest.org/C0121761/
3) Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge) http://library.thinkquest.org/C0117862/
 
Ancient Egypt Web from Sir Robert Hitcham's Primary School
http://www.hitchams.suffolk.sch.uk/egypt/index.htm
Here primary school students report on what they learned about life in ancient Egypt. The site includes original illustrations.
 
Art of Ancient Egypt (Grade 3)
http://www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/arthistory/egypt.htm
This project provides a brief summary of Egyptian art.
 
Egyptian Adventure (2000 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
http://library.thinkquest.org/J002657/
This overview of ancient Egypt provides information about rulers, places, ways of life, and more!
 
Mummy Online! (1999 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/28209/
Learn all about mummies and mummification.
Related Project:
2) Mummies Of Ancient Egypt (2001 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge) http://library.thinkquest.org/C0116982/
 
Pharaohs Clinic (2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/C005492/
The skills of the ancient Egyptians in preserving bodies through mummification are well known, but their expertise in the everyday medical practices needed to treat living is less familiar and often misinterpreted.
 
Woman Called Egypt (2000 ThinkQuest Internet Challenge)
http://library.thinkquest.org/C003877F/
This site uses a play format to approach the important events of Cleopatra VII's life.
 
World of Ancient Egypt (ThinkQuest Project)
http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215615/
Learn about ancient Egyptian daily life, mummification, royalty, and hieroglyphics.
Related ThinkQuest Projects:
2) Enchantment of Ancient Egypt http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215618/
 
More Websites on Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian Cats from Cats and Kittens Magazine
http://www.catsandkittens.com/articles/egypt.shtml
This essay explores the domestication and deification of cats by ancient Egyptians.
 
Ancient Egyptian Mathematics
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Indexes/Egyptians.html
This website summarizes the advances that ancient Egyptians made in mathematics.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Mathematics http://www.discoveringegypt.com/numbers.htm
3) Egyptian Method of Multiplication from Math Forum's Ask Dr. Math
http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/57542.html
 
Anthony's Egyptology & Archaeology
http://www.osirisweb.com/egypt/
The civilization of Ancient Egypt managed to thrive for over 3,000 years in an arid and desolate portion of Africa. Although probably best known for their architectural and artistic achievements, there is much more to this complex and innovative people.
Related Websites:
2) Akhet Egyptology http://www.akhet.co.uk/
3) Ancient Egypt by J. Kinnaer http://www.ancient-egypt.org/
4) Digital Egypt for Universities from University College London http://www.petrie.ucl.ac.uk/digital_egypt/
5) Guardian's Egypt by A. Bayuk http://www.guardians.net/egypt/
 
Art of Ancient Egypt from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
http://164.109.24.46/explore/newegypt/htm/a_index.htm
For over three thousand years the Egyptians adhered to a prescribed set of rules as to how a work of art in three dimensions should be presented. The exhibit is organized around themes (Egyptian beliefs, people in Ancient Egypt etc.) or visitors can explore the exhibit in a timeline.
Other Egyptian Art Sites:
2) Ancient Egypt: The Eternal Voice from McClung Museum
http://mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/permex/egypt/egypt.htm
3) Ancient Egyptian Art from Michael C. Carlos Museum
http://carlos.emory.edu/COLLECTION/EGYPT/
4) Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to Art of the Ancient World from The Art Institute of
Chicago http://www.artic.edu/cleo/
5) Egypt: Highlights of the Collections from Oriental Institute Museum
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OI_Museum_Egypt.html
6) EgyptArt by R. Deurer http://members.aol.com/egyptart/
7) Egypt from Detroit Institute of Arts' Ancient Art http://www.dia.org/collections/ancient/egypt/egypt.html
8) Egypt: Gift of the Nile from Seattle Art Museum http://www.seattleartmuseum.org/exhibit/archive/egypt/
9) Egyptian Antiquities from Louvre Museum http://www.louvre.fr/anglais/collec/ae/ae_oeuv.htm
10) Egyptian Art from The Metropolitan Museum of Art http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/department.asp?dep=10
11) Egyptian Artifacts Exhibit from Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology, The University
of Memphis http://www.memphis.edu/egypt/artifact.html
  
Color Tour of Egypt from Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology, The University of Memphis
http://www.memphis.edu/egypt/egypt.html
Take a tour of over a dozen different ancient Egyptian sites along the Nile River.
 
Directory of Ancient Egyptian Gods
http://www.osirisweb.com/egypt/director.htm
This site lists and describes the Egyptian Gods.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Mythology http://interoz.com/egypt/gods1.htm
3) Egyptian Mythological Deities http://members.aol.com/egyptart/list.html
 
Duke Papyrus Archive
http://odyssey.lib.duke.edu/papyrus/texts/homepage.html
The Duke Papyrus Archive provides electronic access to texts about and images of nearly 1400 papyri from ancient Egypt.
 
Egyptian History and Antiquities from Tour Egypt
http://touregypt.net/egyptantiquities/
Here you find a summary of Egyptian history.
Not-To-Be-Missed Section:
2) History of Egypt http://touregypt.net/ehistory.htm
 
House and Garden from Ancient Egypt
http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/timelines/topics/housing.htm
Learn about the design and construction of Egyptian houses.
Related Website:
2) History of Plumbing - Egypt from The Plumber http://www.theplumber.com/egypt.html
 
How to Build a Pyramid from The Unnatural Museum
http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/bldpyram.htm
So, how did the ancient Egyptians construct such an impressive monument so long ago? Some wild theories exist.
Related Websites:
2) Discovery of the Tombs of the Pyramid Builders at Giza by Z. Hawass http://www.guardians.net/hawass/buildtomb.htm
3) Pyramid Builders http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Academy/7357/builders.htm
4) Pyramids from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/pyramids/
5) Pyramids: Design and Construction http://www.touregypt.net/construction/
6) Pyramids in Egypt from University College London http://www.petrie.ucl.ac.uk/digital_egypt/pyramids/index.html
  
Learn All About Reading Hieroglyphics
http://www.virtual-egypt.com/newhtml/hieroglyphics/
So you want to write like an Egyptian, huh? Well it took several years for aspiring scribes to learn how to do it, so for the sake of time this site just covers the basics.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Hieroglyphs http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/orthography/egypt.html#decipherment
3) Egyptian Hieroglyphs http://www.ancientscripts.com/egyptian.html
4) Hieroglyphs http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/mummy/hieroglyphs.html
5) Hieroglyphics http://www.discoveringegypt.com/hiromenu.htm
6) Hieroglyphics
http://emuseum.mankato.msus.edu/prehistory/egypt/hieroglyphics/heiroglyphics.html
7) Papyrus of Nes-Min: Egyptian Book of the Dead from Detroit Institute of the Arts
http://dia.org/bulletin/papyrus/
8) Rosetta Stone http://www.kidskonnect.com/AncientEgypt/RosettaStone.html
9) Writing http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/home.html
 
Medicine from Minnesota State University's eMuseum
http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/dailylife/medicine.html
The Egyptians were advanced medical practitioners for their time. They were masters of human anatomy and healing mostly due to the extensive mummification ceremonies.
Related Website:
2) In Sickness and in Health: The Healers and Their Art
http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/timelines/topics/medicine.htm
3) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 1 of 3) http://www.arabworldbooks.com/articles8.htm
4) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 2 of 3)
http://www.arabworldbooks.com/articles8b.htm
5) Medicine in Ancient Egypt by S.M. Arab (Part 2 of 3)
http://www.arabworldbooks.com/articles8c.htm
6) Medicine In Old Egypt http://www.levity.com/alchemy/islam22.html
 
Mummies of Ancient Egypt from University of Michigan School of Information
http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/mummy/
What are mummies? How were they made? Who were they? Here you can learn about Egyptian afterlife.
Related Websites:
2) All About Mummies from Neferchichi's Tomb http://www.neferchichi.com/mummies.html
3) All About Mummies from Virtual Egypt http://www.virtual-egypt.com/newhtml/mummies/
4) Ask the Mummy from Cleveland Museum of Art's Rosetta Stone's Site
http://www.clemusart.com/archive/pharaoh/rosetta/rosefaq.html
5) Cyber Mummy
http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Cyberia/VideoTestbed/Projects/Mummy/mummyhome.html
6) Dan Murphy's Mummy Web Page http://www.site-ology.com/egypt/
7) Death in Ancient Egypt by A.A. O'Brien from Oriental Institute
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/DEPT/RA/ABZU/DEATH.HTML
8) Death & Burial from Egypt Odyssey from Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University http://carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/EGYPT/d&b.html
9) Egyptian Mummies from Smithsonian Institution http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmnh/mummies.htm
10) Egyptian Mummies from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/mummies/
11) How to Make a Mummy from National Geographic http://www.nationalgeographic.com/media/tv/mummy/
12) Mummies Unmasked from National Geographic http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngkids/9906/mummies/
13) Mummy Tombs http://www.mummytombs.com/
14) You Wouldn't Want To Be An Egyptian Mummy! from Salariya Book Company http://www.salariya.com/web_books/mummy/
 
Nubia from Egyptian State Information Service
http://www.us.sis.gov.eg/nubia/html/nubia00.htm
This online exhibition gives information about Nubia, its geography, economic importance, a chronology of its history, traditions, culture, and history.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Africa's Black Kingdoms http://www.homestead.com/wysinger/ancientafrica.html
3) Ancient Nubia from The Freeman Institutehttp://www.freemaninstitute.com/Gallery/nubia.htm
4) Kush, Meroe, and Nubia http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Sudan.html
5) Nubia http://www.byu.edu/ipt/projects/egypt/Nubia.html
6) Nubia: Renown Unearthed from Ruins from Michigan Today http://www.umich.edu/~newsinfo/MT/95/Oct95/mt10o95.html
7) Nubia: Struggling to Protect a Glorious Past from PBS's Black Kingdoms of the Nile
http://www.pbs.org/wonders/Episodes/Epi1/nile.htm
 
Sacred Scarab from McClung Museum
http://mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/permex/egypt/egs-text.htm
By far the most important amulet in ancient Egypt was the scarab, symbolically as sacred to the Egyptians as the cross is to Christians.
Related Website:
2) Scarabs from Victor's Egyptology http://home.online.no/~shammas/scarabs.html
  
Tomb of Senneferi from University of Cambridge
http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/tt99/index.html
This site provides information on an archaeological fieldwork project in progress.
Not-To-Be-Missed Section:
2) QTVR Movies http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/tt99/vr.html
Related Website:
3) Tomb of Senneferi http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/archaeology/sites/africa/senneferi.html
  
People of Ancient Egypt
Encyclopedia of the Rulers of Egypt from Egyptian State Information Service
http://www.us.sis.gov.eg/rulers/html/en01p.htm
There are also more than 170 Pharaohs, and some of them have names that are very similar to each other. Did you know that there were seven Cleopatras (the really famous one was Cleopatra VII). Here you find a list of all of the Pharaohs and all of the dynasties and all of the kingdoms.
Related Websites:
2) Egyptian Kings (Pharaohs) from Tour Egypt http://touregypt.net/Kings.htm
3) Pharaohs from Cleveland Museum of Art
http://www.clevelandart.org/archive/pharaoh/index.html
4) Pharaohs of the Sun from Boston Museum of Fine Arts
http://www.mfa.org/egypt/amarna/index.html
5) Timeline of the Pharaohs from Travels with Mousey
http://members.aol.com/egyptmous1/chrono.html
 
Akhenaten from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/akhenaten/
Akhenaten was Egypt’s most profound pharaoh to rule Egypt. He led Egypt in a direction that would tag him “The Heretic Pharaoh.” He brought forth new ideas mainly in religion and art that would leave a lasting impression on the world.
Related Websites:
2) Akhenaten http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/history/html/akhen.htm
3) Akhenaten? http://homepage.ntlworld.com/dizzydalek/amarna/akhena10.htm
4) Akhenaten by M. Lorenz http://www.heptune.com/Akhnaten.html
5) Akhenaten - The Glory of the Aten http://kate.stange.com/egypt/akhenaten.htm
5) Akhenaten, The Sun King http://www.angelfire.com/ny/akhenaten/
 
Amenhotep III from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/pharaohs/amenhotep3/
This pharaoh ruled during a peaceful time and beautified Egypt.
Related Websites:
2) Amenhotep III from Gurardian's Egypt http://www.guardians.net/egypt/amenhtp3.htm
3) Amenhotep III, the Ninth King of Egypt's 18th Dynasty by J. Dunn http://touregypt.net/featurestories/amenhotep3.htm
 
Ankhesenamun from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/queens/ankhesenamun/
She married Tutankhamun at the age of thirteen and might have tried to save the throne.
Related Websites:
2) Ankhesenamun http://members.tripod.com/~ib205/ankhesenamun.html
3) Ankhsenamun http://www.geocities.com/alisalee83/ankh.html
 
Cleopatra from The Field Museum
http://www.fmnh.org/cleopatra/
Was she a hero or a villain? A beauty or a beguiler? A brilliant leader or a ruthless destroyer? Explore the myth and mystery of Cleopatra, Egypt’s last queen.
Other Cleopatra Websites:
2) Cleopatra http://www.royalty.nu/Africa/Egypt/Cleopatra.html
3) Cleopatra from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/queens/cleopatra/
4) Cleopatra VII http://interoz.com/egypt/cleopatr.htm
5) Cleopatra from Little Horus http://www.horus.ics.org.eg/html/cleopatra.html
6) Cleopatra, the Last Pharaoh (B.C. 69-30) http://ce.eng.usf.edu/pharos/alexandria/history/cleo.html
 
Hatshepsut from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/queens/hatshepsut/
This lady was full of ambition and dressed like a pharaoh to preserve her dominance.
Related Websites:
2) Hatshepsut from Tour Egypt http://www.touregypt.net/18dyn05.htm
3) Hatshepsut, Female Pharaoh of Egypt by C. Seawright http://www.touregypt.net/historicalessays/hatshepsut.htm
4) Hatshepsut: The Woman Who Was King http://www.eyelid.co.uk/k-q1.htm
5) Pharaoh Maatkare Hatshepsut http://www.maatkare.com/qhat.html
6) Story of Hatshepsut by D. Bediz http://www.bediz.com/hatshep/story.html
 
Imhotep, Doctor, Architect, High Priest, Scribe and Vizier to King Djoser by J. Dunn
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/imhotep.htm
Of the non royal population of Egypt, this one man is probably known better than all others.
Related Websites:
2) Imhotep http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/egypt/history/people/imhotep.html
3) Imhoptep "Father of Medicine" (2980 B.C.)
http://www.nbufront.org/html/MastersMuseums/JHClarke/HistoricalPersonalities/hp2.html
 
Nefertiti: The Great Royal Wife by N. Didier from Suite 101
http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/ancient_egypt/9329
Nefertiti first appears on the scene when she becomes the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten. Scholars still debate her origins, some believing that she was a princess from another land. Those believing her to be of Egyptian origin are also divided.
Related Website:
2) Nefertiti http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/history/html/nef.htm
3) Nefertiti from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/queens/nefertari/
4) Nefertiti: the Queen in her Chariot from Nile Muse
http://www.nilemuse.com/nefertiti/index.html
5) Queen Nefertiti http://www.angelfire.com/de2/3pyramids/Nefertiti.html
6) Queen Nefertiti from Afro-American Almanac http://www.toptags.com/aama/bio/women/nefert.htm
 
Pharaoh Khufu from Guardian's Egypt
http://www.guardians.net/egypt/khufu.htm
Khufu (2589-2566 BC) was the 4th Dynasty (2613-2498) pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Related Websites:
2) Khufu by M. Parsons from Tour Egypt http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/khufu.htm
3) Pharaoh Khufu (2642 B.C.-2573 B.C.) http://www.websn.com/Pride/Pride/pharaoh_khufu.htm
4) Pharaoh Khufu from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/pharaohs/khufu/
5) Pharaoh Khufu and the Great Pyramid by T.J. James http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/Egypt/03/james/james.htm
 
Ramses II from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/pharaohs/ramses2/
This great Pharaoh had a huge lifespan during his time. Find out what made him so spectacular.
Related Website:
2) King Ramses II http://www.geocities.com/TheTropics/2815/ramses.html
3) Ramses II from The Pharaohs Network http://www.thepharaohs.net/pharaohs/RamsesII.cfm
4) Ramses II from Tour Egypt http://www.touregypt.net/19dyn03.htm
5) Ramses the Great http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/history/html/ramses.htm
 
Snefru from King TutOne
http://www.kingtutone.com/pharaohs/snefru/
Learn about the pharaoh that was responsible for so many pyramids.
Related Websites:
2) King Snefru: The First Great Pyramid Builder by V. Davies & R. Friedman http://www.fathom.com/feature/190171
3) Snefru http://www.aldokkan.com/egypt/snefru.htm
4) Snefru, 1st King of Egypt's 4th Dynasty by J. Dunn
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/snefru.htm
 
Tutankhamun from Canadian Museum of Civilization
http://www.civilization.ca/civil/egypt/egtut01e.html
His story continues to unfold as new theories are proposed in an attempt to explain what really happened to the boy behind the golden mask.
Related Websites:
2) Death of Pharaoh http://www.scs.wsu.edu/~mrobin/pharaoh_death.html
3) Guardian's King Tut http://www.guardians.net/egypt/tut1.htm
4) King Tut http://www.site-ology.com/egypt/KT.HTM
5) King Tut from King TutOne http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/
6) Tutankhamun: Boy King http://www.osirisweb.com/egypt/tutpage.htm
 
Websites For Teachers
Ancient Egypt: Lesson Plans for Teachers from Detroit Institute of Arts
http://www.dia.org/education/egypt-teachers/
This site houses a collection of cross-curricular lesson plans created by local teachers.
Related Websites:
2) Ancient Egypt - A Thematic Unit for Elementary Students by S. Seagraves
http://www.geocities.com/sseagraves/ancientegyptlessonplans.htm
 
Ancient Egypt (Grades 6-8) by C. Lenoir from AskERIC
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Language_Arts/Writing/WCP0054.html
This lesson plan leads students to discover ancient Egypt through literature and written language.
Other Related Lessons from AskERIC:
2) Ancient Egypt and Hieroglyphics (Grade 2) by R. Leonardi
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Social_Studies/World_History . . .
3) Egyptian Tomb Paintings (Grades 6-8) by J.M. Phillips
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Arts/Art_History/ARH0200.html
4) Fun with Hieroglyphics (Grade 4) by D. Conley and B. Hall
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Social_Studies/World_History . . .
5) Mummification (Grades 6-8) by C. Armstrong
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Science/Process_Skills/SPS0012.html
6) My Pyramid - Preparing for a Journey (Grades 4-8) by N. Kraig
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Language_Arts/Writing/WCP0023.html
7) Pictograph Stone Carving (Grades 3-5) by P.P. Olson
http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Arts/Visual_Arts/ARA0013.html
 
Egypt
http://www.angelfire.com/ma/1stGrade/Egypt.html
Here you find activity ideas for a unit study of Egypt plus a bibliography of literature.
 
Egyptian Multiplication (Grades 6- 9)
http://atozteacherstuff.com/lessons/EgpytianMult.shtml
Using an Egyptian algorithm, students learn to multiply any two numbers.
 
Hidden History of Egypt (Grades 6-8) from Discovery School
http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/hiddenegypt/
In this lesson, learners research one aspect of daily life in ancient Egypt such as food, housing, and religion.
Other Related Lessons & Activities from DiscoverySchool:
2) Akhenaten (Grades 6-8) http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/akhenaten/
3) Ancient Egypt (Grades 6-8) http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/tutankhamen/
4) Build A Tomb Activity (Grades 6-12) http://school.discovery.com/fall98/activities/buildatomb/
5) Cleopatra (Grades 6-8) http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/cleopatra/
6) Egyptian Antiquities (Grades 6-8) http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/sneferu/
7) Making Mummies (Grades 6-8)
http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/makingmummies/
8) Mummy Tales (Grades 6-8) http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/mummytales/
9) Wheel of Pharaoh (Grades K-5)
http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/wheelofpharaoh/
 
Egypt
basket
Rosetta stone
king
ancient Africa
pharaoh
artist
mathematics
scribe
sphinx
papyrus
gold
tomb
river
king & queen
bronze
sarcophagus
number system
cartouche
Nubia
mummy
Mesopotamia
amulet
copper
ancient China
hieroglyph
farming
funeral mask
afterlife
Rosetta Stone
queen
stone
mural
passageway
Kush
temple
god & goddess
flooding
scarab
mask
Canopic jar
ancient Rome
Nile River
"Book of the Dead"
sculpture
Valley of the Kings
pottery
pyramid
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 3/03.