The Topic:
Industrial Revolution

Looking for online biographies of important people of the Industrial Revolution? Check out our companion page: Biographies of the Industrial Revolution to find lots of more resources.
 
Easier - An industrial revolution occurs when people move from living and working on farms to working in factories and living in cities. This occurred in North American in the late 1800s and early 1900s. This movement had both positive and negative effects on people. More, better, and inexpensive goods, transportation, and communication were possible. On the other hand, industry also brought pollution, child labor issues, and crowded cities.
 
Harder - In the histories of nations, innovations in technology have sometimes occurred at such a rapid pace that the era became known as an industrial revolution. The first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain between 1750 and 1830. Developments there moved the country from a largely rural population that made its livelihood almost entirely from agriculture to a town-centered society that was increasingly engaged in factory manufacture. Later in the 19th century, similar revolutionary transformations occurred in other European nations and the United States. The main effects were not felt in countries like Russia and Japan until the 20th century. In other countries these transformational developments are only now occurring or still lie in the future.
 
Age of Industry by N. B. Mautz, University of Evansville
http://history.evansville.net/industry.html
This comprehensive website links to online resources for the Industrial Revolution.
Another Comprehensive Resource:
2) Industrial Revolution from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html#The Industrial Revolution
 
Inventors of the Industrial Revolution
http://www.teachersfirst.com/lessons/inventor/ind-rev-open.htm
Click on the 'Next' button, to lead yourself through an online presentation that summarizes the technological developments of the Industrial Revolution.
Related Websites:
2) Industrial Revolution (1700 - Present) http://www.neo-tech.com/businessmen/part6.html
3) Steam Engine from Encarta Encyclopedia
http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?z=1&pg=2&ti=761554687
4) Two Countries That Invented The Industrial Revolution by C. Anderson
http://www.darex.com/indurevo.htm
 
Rise of Industrial America (1876-1900) from the Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/riseind/riseof.html
In the decades following the Civil War, the United States emerged as an industrial giant.
Not-To-Be-Missed Sections:
2) City Life in the Late 19th Century
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/riseind/city/city.html
3) Rural Life in the Late 19th Century
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/riseind/rural/rural.html
4) Work in the Late 19th Century
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/riseind/work/work.html
 
Industrial Revolution: A Trip To The Past
http://members.aol.com/mhirotsu/kevin/trip2.html
This site describes some of the advances in machinery, art, medicine, transportation, and industry that occurred during this time.
Related Websites:
2) Fred Didnah's Industrial Age at BBC Education
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/programmes/dibnah/dibnah99/
3) Industrial Revolution by G. Rempel
http://mars.acnet.wnec.edu/~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/industrialrev.html
4) Industrial Revolution (Grades 6-9) by C. Karns
http://web.wt.net/~mccubbin/indrev/index.html
5) Industrial Revolution by A. Millard http://ragz-international.com/industrial_revolution.htm
6) Industrial Revolution (Online slide show) by X. Chen http://members.tripod.com/xu_chen/indusrevolt/
7) Industrial Revolution: Its affects and Consequences
http://www.msu.edu/user/brownlow/indrev.htm
  
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following activities:
 
Complete An Industrial Revolution WebQuest. Follow or adapt the procedures found at one of the following webQuest sites:
1) Gilded Age by T. Caswell and J. DeLorenzo
http://oswego.org/staff/tcaswell/wq/gildedage/student.htm
2) Industrial Revolution by N. Lewis
http://staffweb.peoriaud.k12.az.us/AIM_Humanities_Nancy_Lewis/IndustrialRevolutionWebQ
uest.htm
3) Industrial Revolution by R. Hartsook
http://www.davidson.k12.nc.us/webquests/indust/indust.html
4) Industrial Revolution in England by K. Roderick
http://members.nbci.com/phxteacher/webquest.html
5) Industrial Revolution Webquest http://www.fort-mill.k12.sc.us/bses/loserc/indrev.htm
6) Industrial Revolution WebQuest http://www.campbell.k12.ky.us/links/webquest/machine/webquest.html
7) Reporting on the Industrial Revolution by D. McDowell (Grade 10)
http://www.guhsd.net/mcdowell/wq/ir/
 
Read Literature from the Industrial Revolution Era. You can find a list of online electronic texts to choose from at Gilded Age Documents (1866-1901). Select a title and after reading, reflect in a journal on what the author shares about lives in those times.
 
Test Your Knowledge on the Industrial Revolution. You can try one or more of the online quizzes that you find at Inventors of the Industrial Revolution from Inventor's Workshop and Industrial Revolution Web Quiz. See how much you have learned about inventors and inventions and the Industrial Revolution. When you are done, construct your on quiz. Test it with your friends.
 
Write An Industrial Revolution Story. Pretend that you are a child living and working in the 19th Century. Visit sites like Child Labor in America from The History Place, Factory Lesson, Textile Industry, and Child Labor by D. Doty to learn of those days. Write a short story about your imagined life.
 
Websites By Kids For Kids
Boston Manufacturing Company
http://web.bryant.edu/~history/h364proj/fall_99/kroner/index.htm
This student project informs visitors of the Boston Manufacturing Company and Lowell Mills.
 
IRWeb: The Industrial Revolution (1998 ThinkQuest Junior Project)
http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/4132/
This site contains information, games, and links related to the Industrial Revolution.
 
Power of Water and the Industrial Revolution
http://165.29.91.7/classes/humanities/amstud/97-98/waterpwr/index.html
This report argues that the Industrial Revolution could never have occurred had it not been for the power of water.
 
More Websites On The Industrial Revolution
Adam Smith: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_2/adam_smith.ht
ml
This Scottish economist was the most influential thinker in the history of capitalist economics, a fact that is all the more remarkable in that he was writing during the earliest phases of the industrial revolution.
 
Between A Rock and A Hard Place: American History Sweatshop Exhibition
http://americanhistory.si.edu/sweatshops/index.htm
Since the dawning of the Industrial Revolution, many generations of Americans have toiled in sweatshops. This exhibition places the current debate on sweatshops in the garment industry in a historical context and explores the complex factors that contribute to their existence today.
Related Website:
2) Triangle Factory Fire http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/trianglefire/
 
Child Labor in America from The History Place (1908-1912)
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/index.html
This is an online archive of photographs by L. W. Hine dealing with child labor.
Related Website:
2) Child Labor (Britian) by D. Doty http://landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/history/hist8.html
3) Child Labour in the 19th Century http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/IRchild.htm
 
Factory System from Encarta Encyclopedia
http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp#s1?z=1&pg=2&ti=761553165&hs=francis+cab
ot+lowell
Learn about the working arrangement whereby a number of persons cooperate to produce articles of consumption. Some form of the factory system has existed since ancient times.
  
Industrial Revolution
http://www.anglia.co.uk/angmulti/indrev/contents.html
Here you find a huge information resource on the Industrial Revolution from the British perspective. The site includes includes accounts of coal, iron and steel production.
Related Websites on the British Industrial Revolution:
2) Blackburn, Cotton and the Industrial Revolution
http://www.genealogy.org/~slassey/cotton.htm
3) Friederich Engels: Industrial Manchester, 1844
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1844engels.html
4) Industrialization and Canals: Britain http://www.upei.ca/~rneill/topic_8.html
5) Industrial Revolution http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/migration/chapter3.html
6) Industrial Revolution: A Timeline
http://landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/technology/ir/irchron.html
7) Lectures on The Industrial Revolution in England by A. Toynbee, 1884
http://www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/het/toynbee/indrev and
http://www.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/toynbee/indrev
8) London Low-Life : Beggars and Cheats http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/eurodocs/uk/lowlife.html
 
Inland Navigation: Connecting the New Republic (1790-1840)
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/DETOC/transport/front.html
This website focuses on the transportation revolution of the early nineteenth century including roads, canals, steamboats and finally railroads.
Related Websites:
2) Building of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/10c&o/10c&o.htm
3) Development of the Railroad Monopoly
http://www-cse.stanford.edu/class/cs201/current/Projects/corporate-
monopolies/development_rrmon.html
4) History of Route 40 and the National Road by F. Brusca
http://www.route40.net/history/index.htm
5) Railways in the 19th Century http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/railways.htm
6) Steamboats on the Bay http://www.cbmm.org/stroll3.htm
 
Life of the Industrial Worker in Ninteenth-Century England by L. Del Col
http://landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/history/workers2.html
Learn about the lifestyle and working conditions in England's Industrial Revolution.
Related Websites:
2) Life of the Industrial Worker in 19th-Century Britain
http://applebutter.freeservers.com/worker/
3) Nineteen-Century British Public Health Overview
http://landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/health/healthov.html
4) Penny Magazine Online http://www.history.rochester.edu/pennymag/
5) Plight of Women's Work in the Early Industrial Revolution in England and Wales
http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/lesson7.html
6) Rochdale: 19th Century Working Conditions
http://www.hopwood.ac.uk/heritage/local/html/milltown.htm
 
Lowell National Historical Park from the National Park Service
http://www.nps.gov/lowe/home.htm
This site preserves the history of the American Industrial Revolution in Lowell, MA. It includes historic cotton textile mills, trolleys, miles of canals, gatehouses, and more.
Not To-Be-Missed Section:
2) Lowell History http://www.nps.gov/lowe/loweweb/Lowell%20History/prologue.htm
Related Website:
3) Factory Rules from the Handbook to Lowell, 1848
http://www.kentlaw.edu/ilhs/lowell.html
 
Pioneers of Machine-Tool Industry
http://www.gsn.uk.com/
his website is an introduction to innovative machine-tool engineers of the past.
Related Websites:
2) Cincinnati: The Queen City of the Machine Tool Industry
http://www.cinmach.com/WT2/queen.htm
3) Industrial Hamilton: A Trail to the Future http://collections.ic.gc.ca/industrial/
 
Textile Industry
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Textiles.htm
This comprehensive website on the textile industry includes information on inventors and inventions, machines, working conditions, biographies, and more.
Related Websites:
2) The Steam Loom,1823 by R. Guest at Modern History Sourcebook http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1823cotton.html
3) Textile Factories Come to the U.S. by P. E. Mack http://people.clemson.edu/~pammack/lec122/amir.htm
 
Trade Union Movement
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/TU.htm
The move from an agrarian society into the industrial age brought the rise of workers trade unions.
 
Turn-of-the-Century Child at Home
http://nuevaschool.org/~debbie/library/cur/20c/turn/sup/home.html
This is a bibliography of both online and off-the-net resources on everyday life around 1900.
Related Websites:
2) 19th Century American Architecture
http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/fa267_19.html
3) How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York by J. A. Riis
http://www.cis.yale.edu/amstud/inforev/riis/title.html
4) Touring Turn of the Century America, Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Co.
at the Library of Congress http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/detroit/dethome.html
 
Woman of Iron by J. Gustaitis from American History
http://www.thehistorynet.com/AmericanHistory/articles/0495_text.htm
In 1825, Rebecca Lukens took over her late husband's iron mill. The company still thrives, a testament to the management abilities of the pioneering woman CEO.
Related Article:
2) Women in the Workplace, Labor Unions from American History http://www.thehistorynet.com/WomensHistory/articles/19967_cover.htm
 
Corporate History
Exxon Mobil History http://www.exxon.mobil.com/emhistory/
History of the Standard Oil Company by I. M. Tarbell
http://www.history.rochester.edu/fuels/tarbell/MAIN.HTM
 
Websites For Teachers
Teacher Resources at American Industrial Revolution Unit by C. Karns (Grades 6-9)
http://web.wt.net/~mccubbin/indrev/tcrresoures.html
Here is a unit plan that includes lessons on inventions, horrors of the workplace, big business, labor, and production.
 
Create Your Own Infomercial: Industrial Revolution by C.L.Jones from Lesson Exchange (Grades 9-12)
http://www.teachers.net/lessons/posts/1429.html
Students will create their own inventions and advertise in a infomercial.
 
Curriculum Materials from the Tsongas Industrial History Center
http://www.uml.edu/tsongas/curr.html
Here you can download curriculum materials in the pdf format. They include an overview guide and and activity booklet. These activities were designed to be used in conjunction with a field trip to the Lowell National Historic Park.
 
Factory Lesson Plan: Debate Child Labor in the Early 19th Century
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Twork.htm
Each student is given the name of a person involved in the debate over the issue of children working in textile factories in the early part of the 19th century.
 
Industrial Revolution Lesson Plan by T. Hutton.
http://noir.usd458.k12.ks.us/tcp/stories/storyReader$215
The student demonstrates a working knowledge of individuals, groups, ideas, developments, and turning points in the history of the world during Age of Revolutions 1650-1914. The student is asked to create a web page using HPR*TEC's Web Worksheet Wizard .
 
'Necessity is the Mother of Invention' The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on the
World by P Gray & M. Plunkett (Grade 6)
http://www.coreknowledge.org/CKproto2/resrcs/lessons/62K_Necessity.pdf
This unit will trace the Industrial Revolution from its origins in England to its arrival in the United States.
  
industrial revolution
machine tool
interchangeable parts
steam engine
water power
electricity
machinery
monopoly
steel
alloy steel
automobiles
engine
inventors and invention
child labor
milltown
architecture
technology
labor laws
labor union
railroads
factory system
sweatshop
mass production
domestic system
mining
capitalism
utopianism
socialism
immigration
assembly line
textile industry
production
photography
capital
farming
crucible steel
Luddites
invention
industry
fiber and fabric
cottage industry
information age
 
  
 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 9/01.