The Topic:
Women's Suffrage Movement

Easier - Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote. The women's suffrage movement was the struggle to gain the same right to vote as men.
 
Harder - With a few exceptions, women today have the same voting rights as men. However, this was not always the case. During US colonial times, voting was limited to adult males who owned property. Many people thought that property owners had the strongest interest in good government; therefore, they were the best qualified to make decisions.
 
In the early nineteenth century, changing social conditions and the idea of equality led to the beginning of the woman suffrage movement. By then, more women were receiving education. Women also began to participate in reform movements and take increased interest in politics. Women and men began to question why women were not also allowed to vote. Supporters of this drive were called suffragists.
 
By Popular Demand: 'Votes for Women' Suffrage Pictures, 1850-1920 from Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/vfwhtml/vfwhome.html
This photograph collection includes portraits of individuals, suffrage parades, picketing suffragists, and an anti-suffrage display, as well as cartoons commenting on the movement--all evoking the visible and visual way in which the debate over women's suffrage was carried out.
Related Website from Library of Congress:
2) National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848-1921 http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/nawshome.html
Other Related Websites:
3) Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment from National Archives and Records Administration
http://www.nara.gov/education/teaching/woman/home.html
 
Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony from PBS
http://www.pbs.org/stantonanthony/
Experience the work of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. Track key events in the suffrage movement, delve into historic documents and essays, and take a look at where women are today.
Other Related Websites from PBS American Experience:
2) History of the Suffrage Movement by Marjorie Spruill Wheeler http://www.pbs.org/onewoman/suffrage.html#strategies
3) One Woman, One Vote http://www.pbs.org/onewoman/one_woman.html
  
Votes for Women from Huntington Library
http://www.huntington.org/vfw/index.html
The quest for women's suffrage was a struggle, which plagued America for 72 years, for the simple and inalienable right of representation and equality.
Related Websites:
3) History of the American Suffragist Movement by A. Hutchinson & M.Dyer from A
History of the American Suffragist Movement http://www.suffragist.com/ex1.htm
4) History of Women's Suffrage from Anthony Center for Women's Leadership
http://www.rochester.edu/SBA/history.html
5) Introduction (to suffrage history) by M. Goldstein-LeVande
http://www.history.rochester.edu/class/suffrage/home.htm
6) Political Culture and Imagery of American Woman Suffrage from National Women's
History Museum http://www.nmwh.org/exhibits/intro.html
7) Woman Suffrage in the United States http://www.gate.net/~liz/SUFFRAGE.HTM
8) Women Win the Right to Vote! http://www.aracnet.com/~histgaz/hgv3n5.htm
9) Women's Suffrage in United States
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAwomen.htm
10)Writing Women Into History: Woman's Suffrage and Abolition Movement by L.
Blankenship http://www.coax.net/people/lwf/wwih.htm
 
Women's Suffrage from Grolier Encyclopedia Americana
http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/ea/side/wsffrg.html
This article includes a brief history of women's suffrage in the US, Canada, Mexico, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, France, Latin America, Asia, Africa, as well as commentary on countries without women's suffrage.
Related Encyclopedia Articles:
2) History of Women's Suffrage from World Book, Inc.
http://www2.worldbook.com/features/whm/html/whm010.html
3) Women's Suffrage from Encyclopaedia of USA History http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAwomen.htm
4) Woman Suffrage from Women In American History, Encyclopædia Britannica
http://www.britannica.com/women/articles/woman_suffrage.html
5) Woman Suffrage from Encarta Encyclopedia
http://encarta.msn.com/find/concise.asp?ti=761577595&sid=8
Related Websites:
6) Celebrating Women's Suffrage 106 Years On (New Zealand)
http://www.nzine.co.nz/features/suffrage2.html
7) Suffrage in Canada http://www.rockyview.ab.ca/bpeak/students/canada/mmfour.html
8) Suffrage Movement (Canada) http://timelinks.merlin.mb.ca/referenc/db0007.htm
9) Suffrage Movements in Other Countries (Links-site) http://winningthevote.org/res_suffint.html
10)Women's Suffrage in Britain http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/women.htm
11)Women's Suffrage from Women & Politics in South Australia http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/int_pubs/women/suffr.htm
  
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following activities.
 
Create A Poster Promoting Women's Suffrage. Imagine living in a time before women had the right to vote. Create a poster that promotes a woman's right to vote.
 
Perform A Play On The Woman Suffrage Movement. You can find the brief Reader's Theater script at Failure Is Impossible from the National Archives and Records Administration. Try it.
 
Compare The Suffrage Movement In Two Different Countries. Select two nations and research the drive for women's voting rights in each country. Who were the key suffragists? How were the movements similar and in what ways were they distinctively different?
 
Explore Each Side. Do you think you would have fought for a woman's right to vote during the time of the suffragettes? Why or why not? What factors went into making this type of decision? What types of people would have been on each side of the issue?
 
Sing Some Suffrage Songs. Start with the lyrics found at Suffrage Sing Along Sheet.
 
Websites By Kids For Kids
Women's Suffrage (Web section of the 1999 ThinkQuest Project, Important Issues in
American History During the 1900s)
http://library.thinkquest.org/50062/Suffrage/suffrage.html
This website reminds us that although the movement to attain women’s rights officially began with a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, women strove to attain equality long before that.
 
More Websites on Women's Suffrage
Ahead of their Time: A Brief History of Woman Suffrage in Illinois by M.W. Sorensen,
Illinois State Archives
http://alexia.lis.uiuc.edu/~sorensen/suff.html
This web page highlights events that led to Illinois becoming the first state to approve the 19th amendment.
Related Websites:
2) Ohio’s Women Voters Have Traveled A Long Road by J.K. Blackwell
http://www.state.oh.us/sos/womens_suffrage_cont.htm
3) Women's Suffrage (North Carolina) http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/ncbooks/suffrage/sufferage.html
4) Women's Suffrage in Colorado http://www.aspenhistory.org/womsuf.html
 
History of Woman Suffrage in the United States
http://dpsinfo.com/women/history/timeline.html
Here you find a timeline highlighting significant events from 1776 to 1920.
Other Timelines for the Suffrage Movement:
2) From Parlor to Politics: The Struggle for Suffrage http://www.umkc.edu/imc/suffrage.htm
3) One Hundred Years toward Suffrage by E.S. Barber & B. Orbach Natanson from
Library of Congress http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/vfwhtml/vfwtl.html
4) Woman Suffrage Timeline http://www.gate.net/~liz/suffrage/index.html
 
National Union of Suffrage Societies
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wnuwss.htm
This website highlights the evolution of organizations in the women's suffrage movement in
Britain.
 
Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments
http://www.huntington.org/vfw/orgpub/declarations/decsentiments.html
Called to consider 'the Social Civil and Religious Condition of Woman,' a formative convention met at Seneca Falls, New York, on July 19 and 20, 1848. This declaration was drafted, debated, and passed by a narrow margin.
 
Suffragists Oral History Project from University of California, Berkeley
http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/ROHO/ohonline/suffragists.html
Tape-recorded and transcribed oral histories preserve the memories of these remarkable women, documenting formative experiences, activities to win the right to vote for women.
  
Woman Suffrage in Political Cartoons by J. Zwick
http://www.boondocksnet.com/gallery/suf_intro.html
The woman suffrage movement was a subject for both satire and support by male cartoonists and a source of inspiration for female cartoonists who broke into the profession at the end of the nineteenth century and first decades of the twentieth.
 
Biographies of People in the Movement
75 Suffragists
http://www.inform.umd.edu/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/ReadingRoom/History/Vote/75-
suffragists.html
Who won the vote? Who were the women who made up the suffrage movement? This site provides a sampling of suffrage leaders and supporters to give a flavor of the remarkable depth and variety which marked the nationwide movement and to encourage your further interest.
Other Biography Indexes:
2) Leaders of the Women's Suffrage Movement from Learning Network
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-5100.html
3) Men Behind the Women...
http://www.inform.umd.edu/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/ReadingRoom/History/Vote/ma
le-suffragists.html
 
Anthony, Susan B.: (1) Important People: Susan B. Anthony, (2) Anthony, Susan B. from
American History 102, (3) Susan B. Anthony by J. Litt, (4) Work and Achievements (of
Susan B. Anthony), (5) Susan B. Anthony by J. Odano from Freedom Hero, (6) Anthony,
Susan Brownell from Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia
Howe, Julia Ward: (1) Julia Ward Howe from Who2, (2) Julia Ward Howe: Beyond the Battle
Hymn of the Republic, (3) Julia Ward Howe, (4) Julia Ward Howe (1819&endash;1910) from
Smithsonian Institution, (5) Battle Hymn of the Republic: Julia Ward Howe
Paul, Alice: (1) Alice Paul's Fight for for Suffrage from PBS American Experience, (2) Alice
Paul Was Born from America's History, (3) Important People: Alice Paul, (4) Alice Paul,
(5) Alice Paul from Moondance, (6) Alice Paul
McClung, Nellie: (1) Nellie McClung, (2) Nellie McClung, (3) Nellie McClung: 'Our Nell', (4)
Nellie Letitia McClung 1873-1951, (5) Nellie McClung, (6) Nellie McClung: The Sculpting
of Angels
Mott, Lucretia: (1) Lucretia Mott from Who2, (2) About Lucretia Coffin Mott from Lucretia
Coffin Mott Papers Project, (3) Lucretia Mott: Antislavery and Women's Rights Leader
from Lucid Cafe, (4) Lucretia Coffin Mott Was Born, (5) Lucretia Mott 1793-1880, (6)
Mott, Lucretia Coffin
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady: (1) Important People: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902), (2)
Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony from PBS, (3) Stanton and
Anthony Papers Project, (4) Important People: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902), (5)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, (6) Elizabeth Cady Stanton, (7) Elizabeth Cody Stanton from
Who2
 
Websites For Teachers
Exploring Suffragists (Grades 6-12) from Learning Network
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-5049.html
Students research the life of a suffragist, then create presentations or products that show their knowledge and understanding.
Related Lesson/Activity Plans at Learning Network:
2) Abigail Adams Writes a Letter
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-5022.html
3) Suffrage Around the World (Grades 6-12) by Pearson Education Development
Group http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4869.html
4) Women and the Vote (Grades 6-12)
http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4685.html
 
Suffrage - When, Where, and Obstacles to Overcome
http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/lesson4.html
Here is an activity sheet for studying woman suffrage.
 
Susan Brownell Anthony
http://teacherlink.ed.usu.edu/TLresources/longterm/LessonPlans/famous/anthony1.html
This lesson plan focuses on the work of Susan B. Anthony in the women's suffrage
movement.
 
We Declare Our Resolves from Encyclopedia Britannica
http://www.britannica.com/women/studyguide/stud2.htm
"When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary . . ." Sound familiar, these
words kick of the lesson comparing the Declaration of Independence and a lesser-known
document that is important in the women's suffrage movement.
 
'Women, Their Rights and Nothing Less:' The Suffrage Movement from 1840-1920 by
E. Hamrick and D. Levene from American Memories, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/99/suffrage/intro.html
Women obtained the right to vote nationwide in 1920. Before that, only criminals, the insane, Native Americans, and women were denied the vote. The modern woman's suffrage movement began in the 1840s with the Seneca Falls Convention. How did it happen and why?
 
Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment (Grades 6-12) from National Archives and
Records Administration
http://www.nara.gov/education/teaching/woman/teach.html
This site provides primary source documents and lesson activities for educators and students.
 
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Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 3/02.