The Topic:

This 42eXplore project has two extensive companion sites; two more webpages containing hundreds of more site-links for related information on televsion: (1) TV Broadcasters & Production/Distribution Groups contains links to television stations, networks, and more, and (2) Television Programs contains a selected listing of links to specific TV program series. Look there to see if your favorite show is linked.
Easier - Television is an electronic system for sending sounds and images over a wire or through space by devices that change light and sound into electronic signals. Those electrical signals are received and changed back into light (pictures) and sound that can heard and seen on a receiving television set. The television receiver, usually called a television, has a screen for viewing the motion image along with sound from its speaker.
Harder - Television, also called TV, brings moving pictures and sounds from distant places around the world into millions of homes, businesses, and schools. Television even takes viewers out of this world with coverage of the astronauts exploring outer space. It is one of our most important communication technologies. The word television is combined from a Greek word meaning far and a Latin word meaning to see. Television means to see far.
Today almost every home in the United States has a television set; there are over 200 million television receivers. In the average home, the television is operating for about seven hours each day. Television programming provides more entertainment than any other media and is an important cultural influence. Television impacts how we spend our time and money, what we give attention to, and what we learn.
In the late 1940s, regional television stations started sending electronic signals called electromagnetic waves from their transmitters into the airwaves to carry television programs to home antennas But nowadays over-the-air broadcasting is just one of several methods used to distribute television programming. About sixty percent of U.S. homes have cable or wireless cable systems and others receive their programs from satellite systems. Many schools, universities, hospitals, and businesses operate closed-circuit television systems that send programming to their unique network of television sets. Several television stations, networks, and independent producers have recently began web-casting programs over the Internet.
Big Dream Small Screen from PBS American Experience
In 1921, a 14-year-old boy working in a potato field in Idaho had a vision of sending pictures in waves over the air, like sound waves for radio.
Related Television History Websites:
2) Birth of Television adapted by H. Landen
3) Farnovision
4) History of Television (Part 1 of 10) by S.E. Schoenherr
5) History of Television (Links-site)
6) History of Television from
7) Inventing of Television from Inventors Museum
8) Phylo T. Farnsworth Archives
9) Science Hero: Philo T. Farnsworth
10) Television from How Things Work by L.A. Bloomfield
11) Television: A History by A. Iqbal from Suite 101
12) Television History - The First 75 Years
13) Television in the Fifties by A. Lee from Suite 101
14) Television in the Sixties by A. Lee from Suite 101
15) Television in the Seventies by A. Lee from Suite 101
16) Television in the Seventies (2) by A. Lee from Suite 101
17) Television in the Eighties by A. Lee from Suite 101
18) Television: Colored-up by A. Iqbal from Suite 101
19) Who Invented What and When? by P. Schatzkin
How Television Works (Page 1 of 9) by M. Brain from HowStuffWorks
Television has been around long enough to seem ordinary, but the box that brings TV shows into your home is an amazing device. Find out what's going on inside a TV set.
Related Topics from HowStuffWorks:
2) How accessDTV Works (Page 1 of 7) by M. Brain
3) How Cable Television Works (Page 1 of 7) by C. Franklin
4) How Camcorders Work by (Pages 1 of 6) T. Harris
5) How Does the Electron Gun Inside a TV Work, and Why is It Called an "Electron Gun"?:
Question of the Day
6) How Do Television Ratings Work? How Do They Figure Out How Many People are
Watching a Show?: Question of the Day
7) How DVDs and DVD Players Work (Page 1 of 14) by K. Nice
8) How DVRs Work (Page 1 of 8) by J. Bickers
9) How EyeVision Works (Page 1 of 4) by S. Brannan
10) How Plasma Displays Work (Page 1 of 4) by T. Harris
11) How Projection Television Works (Page 1 of 11) by C.C. Freudenrich
12) How Racef/x Works (Page 1 of 4) by K. Bonsor
13) How Satellite TV Works (Page 1 of 8) by K. Nice and T. Harris
14) How VCRs Work (Page 1 of 6) by M. Brain
15) How the First-Down Line Works (Page 1 of 4) by S. Brannan
16) How Video Editing Works (Page 1 of 13) by M. Brain & R. Reid
17) How Video Formatting Works (Page 1 of 12) by T. Harris
18) What If I Shot My TV? by M. Brain
19) What Is All the Flickering When I Try to Record a Television Set Picture with a Video
Camera?: Question of the Day
How-to Information for Videographers by P. Utz
Here is an extensive collection of articles written by the author of Today's Video.
Related Website:
2) Acting With a Pencil: Storyboarding Your Movie
3) Audio for Video (Part 1 of 3) from VideoUniversity
4) Complete Training Manual of Videotaping and Editing Techniques by W.G. Ames
5) Creating Your Own Video Project From Start to Finish
6) Editing from Focus Enhancements
7) Engineering Primer by H. Landen from VideoUniversity
8) Free Articles and Guides from VideoUniversity
9) Production Tips! from Eyecon Video Productions
10) Television Production (Comprehensive TV Production Course) by R. Whittaker
11) Video Guide
12) Video Production: Tech Tips Guide by D. Walton & J. Finks from The Concord
Student Broadcasts from by Aviara Oaks Television
This is an outstanding site for television broadcasting students and teachers.
Not-To-Be-Missed Connections:
2) CHSTV Worldwide (Weekday live Internet school broadcast)
3) Listen Up!: Youth Media Network from PBS
4) Sample School Video Productions
Related Websites:
5) SchoolTV
6) Student Television Network
After visiting several of the websites, complete one or more of the following projects.
Keep A Television Diary. Maintain a detailed diary that records all television programming that you view for one calendar week. Identify the programs seen, keep a log of commercials, and include summary statements, length of viewing time(s), and your appraisals and reactions to what you view.
Create A Television Timeline. Explore the websites that deal with the development and history of television. Follow up by creating a timeline that highlights all the important events in the evolution of television technology. Share that timeline; consider placing it online. An extension or alternative activity would be to create a mural that displays graphically the span of television history.
Compare Television Programming In Two Countries. Pick any two countries and examine the programming featured on Cartoon Network (United States). Look for similarities and differences in the content. Here are some different locations to explore: (1) Cartoon Network (Australia), (2) Cartoon Network (Brazil), (3) Cartoon Network (Denmark), (4) Cartoon Network (France), (5) Cartoon Network (United Kingdom), (6) Cartoon Network (India), (7) Cartoon Network (Italy), (8) Cartoon Network (Japan), (9) Cartoon Network (Mexico), (10) Cartoon Network (Netherlands), (11) Cartoon Network (Norway), (12) Cartoon Network (Poland), (13) Cartoon Network (Spain), (14) Cartoon Network (Sweden). An alternative activity could be to analyze the television news in two different countries. Locate a website or a web-broadcast location in your two countries and examine the news programming for the same calendar date. Websites such as Broadcast Live, Broadband - Television, and Broadcasters to locate and analyze television news.
Practice Being A Television News Anchor. You might begin by practicing reading actual television scripts; you can use ones found in the News Archive of WDBJ-7 from Virginia Tech University. Once you feel that you have the script reading down smoothly, try doing it in front of a video camcorder. View your performance and make notes on areas that need improvement. Keep practicing and improving. Once you feel that you have gained the basic skills, then proceed to writing your own scripts for breaking news of the day. Find some help at Scriptwriting Secrets by S. Sashan. See if your school has its own television broadcast and join the production team.
Rewrite A Television Script. You can find hundreds of actual scripts and transcripts of some of your favorite and maybe not-so-favorite television shows at Drew's Script-o-rama or the Television Transcript Project. Pick one and revise and rewrite it for today's use. Repurpose one of these historical scripts to fit a new television day!
Debate Whether The Classroom Needs To Be As Entertaining As TV! Has education been corrupted by television and other forms of new media? Are classrooms and educational settings doomed to failure because they fail to be as entertaining as television? Debate the issue. You may want to read other people's opinions at Television and the Classroom from University of Texas (Notice that the "discussion forum" has been deactivated; archived messages can be examined but no new messages may be posted). You also can read Neil Postman's Neil Postman's Criticisms of the Television Medium by J. Goldstein.
What Is Your Favorite Television Program? Decide what your favorite TV show is; select one episode or one self-contained program. Reflect on the reasons or factors that influence your choice. What was it about the program that gained your interest and still holds your attention. What sets it apart from most other programs. Detail this procedure in a series of journal entries.
Write A New Script! Pick any television program, and then create a script for a new episode. Make your script an entirely new program. When completed, let your script set a few days - then reread and revise. Make it the best program ever. See if you can get a group of friends together to rehearse and videotape your version.
Websites By Kids For Kids
Design Brief: The Invention of the Television from A.C. Davis High School, Yakima, WA
This site was designed to trace the development of television, how it works, and the roles it has played in the twentieth century.
More Websites
Academy of Television Arts and Sciences
Learn all about the Emmys, the winners, and more.
Related Websites:
2) Emmy Online
3) How the Emmy Awards Work (Page 1 of 4) by P. Nelson from HowStuffWorks
Australian Children's Television Foundation
This site provides a sneak peek at several of the Australian TV shows, and you can visit the learning centre learn even more.
Other Sites on Australian Television:
2) Behind the News from ABC
Closed Captioning FAQ Index by G. Robson
This massive site houses a wide array of information on closed captioning including the technology's application in television.
Related Websites:
2) Captioning: The Essentials from WGBH's Media Access Group
3) Closed Captioning from Federal Communications Commission
4) Closed Captioning Web
5) FCC's Rules for Closed Captioning and Video Description from WGBH's Media Access
6) National Captioning Institute
7) On Television, How Does Closed Captioning Work?: Question of the Day from
Critical Television Viewing Skills
Critical viewing skills are learned skills that give the viewer the ability to judge the value, truth or technique of a program, to analyze elements of a program, and to appreciate a program's merit (or lack of it).
Related Websites:
2) Children, Adolescents, and Television from American Academy of Pediatrics
3) Critical Television Viewing Skills by N. Hoene, WDSE-TV, Duluth MN
4) Critical Viewing by L. Ellerbee
5) Critical Viewing: Steps for Families from NAB (National Association of Broadcasters)
6) Critical Viewing, TV Ratings and Online Library from National PTA
7) Family Viewing Guidelines-Critical Viewing Tips
8) Guidelines for Family Television Viewing from ERIC Elementary and Early Childhood
9) Media Education from American Academy of Pediatrics
10) Strangers in Our Homes: TV and Our Children's Minds by S.R. Johnson
Dictionary of Film, Audio, and Video Terminology
This on-line reference defines terminology applicable in production and post-production of film, video and audio materials.
Related Websites:
2) Digital TV Glossary from PBS
3) Television Glossary by J.G. Butler
Fifty Years of Coca-Cola Television Advertisements . . . from the Library of Congress
This collection presents a variety of television advertisements, never-broadcast out takes, and experimental footage reflecting the historical development of television advertising for a major commercial product.
Related Websites:
2) AdCritic (Registration required for some parts of the site)
3) Advertisement Ave
4) Bob Garfield's Ad Review from Ad Age
HDTV: Coming Soon To A Television Near You from NASA
Learn why the days of fuzzy images transmitted from space may soon be history.
Related Websites:
2) Film Formats and HDTV: A Case for the Future-Proof Standard
3) HDTV – The Difference Is Clear! from HDTVInfoPort
4) HDTV Information Source from HD Pictures
5) HDTV Newsletter Online
6) HDTV: Watching or Waiting
7) How HDTV Works (Page 1 of 7) by G. Brown from HowStuff Works
How Digital Television Works (Page 1 of 7) by M. Brain from HowStuffWorks
This site provides an excellent tutorial lesson on digital television.
Related Websites:
2) Basics of Digital Television by P.H. Putman from AVS Forum
3) Digital Television FAQs from Digital TV Zone
4) Digital TV: A Cringely Crash Course from PBS
5) Guide to Digital Television, Third Edition
6) HDTV: Transition to Digital Television from Consumer Electronics Association (CEA)
I Keep Hearing About V-chip TVs -- What Does a V-chip Really Do and How Does It Work?: Question of the Day from HowStuffWorks
As of 1999, all new television sets (over 13 inches / 33 cm) sold in the United States have to contain a V-chip. The "V" stands for "violence," and the goal of the chip is to allow parents to choose the level of violent TV programming that will be allowed into the home.
Other Websites on the V-Chip:
2) Frequently Asked Questions About the V-Chip from Children Now
3) Many Parents Fail to Use V-Chip System at Children Now
4) Moral and Political Significance of the V-Chip by B. Burke, Center for Educational
5) Survey Shows Few Parents Use TV V-Chip to Limit Children's Viewing by J. Rutenberg at
Children Now
6) V-chip from Media Awareness Network
7) V-Chip: Viewing Television Responsibly from Federal Communications Commission
Kids Corner from Media Awareness Network
Here you can find out how television shows and movies are produced and marketed and learn how to be a more aware viewer.
Narrative Television Network (NTN)
Since 1988, NTN has been a leader in making television programming and movies accessible to blind and visually impaired people and their families.
Related Websites:
2) Descriptive Video from DishNetwork
3) Guidelines for Accessing Alternative Format Educational Materials from National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), Library of Congress
4) News Notes on Video Description from American Council of the Blind
5) Services for People with Disabilities from WGBH
6) What You Need to Know About Video Description and How to Get It by C.H. Crawford
from American Council of the Blind
NTSC Television Tutorials (National Television System Committee)
Here you find an extensive collection of technical tutorials on video circuits and television.
Report on Children's Television from Children Now
This report looks at the quality of children's television and how many quality television programs there are for kids.
Television Project by A. Pluhar
This biased website advocates empowering parents to control television use and discover alternatives.
Related Sites:
2) Guilt Free TV from Children Now by D. McGinn from Children Now
3) Kill Your Television by R. Kaufman
4) Television Addiction Is No Mere Metaphor by R. Kubey and M. Csikszentmihalyi from Scientific American
5) Television as a Tool: Talking with Kids about TV from Children Now
6) TV Turnoff Network
TV Acres
Check out this subject guide to television program facts from the 1940's to the present.
Related Websites:
2) Classic Television Webring
3) Classic TV Database
4) Classic TV Favorites
5) Television Heaven
6) TV in the 50s
TV & Movies from MysteryNet
This site is devoted exclusively to mystery, suspense, detective, and crime programs and movies on network and cable television.
Television and Gender from University of Wales, Aberystwyth
This is a huge links-collection for resources and information related to television diversity.
Related Sites:
2) Another Take on Diversity by A.J. Frutkin at Children Now
3) Networks Are Still Struggling With Diversity, Study Says by G. Braxton at Children Now
4) Study: TV Diversity Still Lags by L. Elber at Children Now
TV Viewing and Parental Guidance from Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) of the U.S. Department of Education
Some of the research studies indicate that increasing guidance from parents is at least as important as simply reducing the amount media violence seen.
Tutorials (Advanced level) from MLESAT
This collection of technical articles covers a range (HDTV, video compression, satellite communications frequencies, and more) of satellite television subjects and issues.
Video Technology General information
This is the home of an extensive collection of links for information on video technology.
Related Sites:
2) How It Works: Television from Radio Design Group
3) How Television Works by H. Manchester
Violence on Television - What do Children Learn? What Can Parents Do? from American Psychological Association
This February 1985 public information brochure informed broadcasters and the public of the devastating effects television violence can have on children.
Related Websites:
2) Chasing the Effects of Media Violence by K. Durkin
3) Children Mimic TV Sex and Violence, Psychiatrist's Study Says by R. Saltus at Children
4) Hour of TV a Day Leads to Violence, Study Finds by M. Fox at Children Now
5) Media Violence from Media Awareness Network
6) Media Violence from American Academy of Pediatrics
7) Media Violence and the American Public: Scientific Facts Versus Media Misinformation
8) National Television Violence Study from Center for Communication and Social Policy
9) Report Says Violent Media Harm Kids by J. Leeds at Children Now
10) Report: Violent Media Sways Children Immensely by L. Mascaro at Children Now
11) Sex and Violence on TV: It's on the Decline, Study Finds by M. Garvey at Children Now
12) Television and Violence (Links-site) from University of Wales, Aberystwyth
Museum of Broadcast Communications (Chicago, Illinois)
Museum of Television & Radio (Los Angeles, California)
MZTV Museum of Television (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
Online Magazines-Newspapers-Guides for Television
Digital Television
Direct TV
epguides (Archive of TV episodes)
Gist TV Listings
HDTV Magazine
Television from Entertainment Weekly
Television from Variety
Television from USA Today
TV & Radio from Los Angeles Times CalendarLive
TV Guide Online
TV Latina
TV Technology
TV Tome
Videomaker Online
Television Critique
Eric Deggans, Times Television Critic from St. Petersburg Times
Read his current columns and articles critiquing television programming.
Related Website:
2) Television from Matinee Magazine (Article archive)
Kids First from the Coalition for Quality Children's Media
This group provides a list of videos, CD-ROMs, and television programs considered to be appropriate for children.
Television: The Opposite of Art by C. Rothe from Suite 101
This contemporary article criticizes the current wave of reality shows in television.
Web Broadcasts of Television Programming
If you would like to view television on your computer, visit the following websites. Some of the available programs are broadcast as they occur (real-time) or are archived copies (Downloaded on demand). All require media player software on your computer such as Real Media, Quicktime Download from Apple, or Windows Media Download Center. Correct versions of these software can be downloaded for free and all three now have versions for the latest operating systems in both Windows and Mac formats.
Live Television from Around the World from Broadcast Live
Live television broadcasts are available from a number of countries including Belgium, Croatia, Canada, France, Germany and the UK. Connect to them here.
Related Websites:
2) Broadband - Television
3) Yahoo - Broadcast (Index to Webcasts)
Websites For Teachers
Cable In the Classroom
This nonprofit cable industry consortium provides information and resources to help teachers teach and children learn using their technologies and programming.
Related Website:
2) Cable in Education from AT&T
DataBank from National Council for the Social Studies
Here social studies teachers can learn about upcoming television programming.
Free Educational Videos from Video Placement Worldwide
Here is a list of educational videos and teaching materials available for free-loan to educators and youth leaders.
Ideas for Creating Student Video Projects and Educational Tools from Videonics
Looking for ideas for student and school video projects? This site has several and contains other useful information.
Related Websites:
2) Evaluating Student Videos from CyberCollege
3) Integrating Video into the Classroom
Gender Equity - Media Literacy (Grades 9-12) from Western Massachusetts Gender Equity Center
The overall goals of this curriculum are to increase awareness of media influence on attitudes and behavior of male and female middle and high school students, specifically in regards to gender equity issues, and to increase ability to think critically about these influences and translate learning into appropriate action.
PBS and Extended Taping Rights from PBS TeacherSource
Here are details about copyright and off-air taping of PBS programming.
Related Websites:
2) Education's Taping Rights for Cable TV
3) Guidelines for Off-Air Taping for Educational Purposes (Kastenmeier Guidelines)
4) Instructional Television (TV) Programming and Taping Guidelines from PBS TeacherSource
5) PBS: Teachers' Choice Well-Deserved by P. Miller
Teaching with TV from New Hampshire Public Television
This website presents utilization strategies, VCR/tape tips, and information about building a video library.
Related Website:
2) Using Video in the Classroom
Understanding Television (Grades 9-12) from DiscoverySchool
Producing a television show is a complex task that requires many skills, many people, and a great deal of thought and planning. Lead students in learning about television production.
For Teachers & Classrooms
broadcast TV
flat screen
special effects
test pattern
test pattern
vacuum tube
closed-circuit TV
satellite TV
digital television
Federal Communications Commission
closed captioning
cathode ray tube
analog TV
digital TV
electromagnetic wave
television standards
camera angle
chroma key
camera shot
distance education
color bars
camera movement
television production
aspect ratio
electronic signal
closed captioning
television standard
image resolution
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/03.