The Topic: 
Vikings


Easier - Vikings were a Scandinavian people from the Northeastern coast of Europe. This region includes what are now Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. From the ninth to the eleventh centuries, Vikings sailed along the coasts of Europe raiding and ransacking the villages. They settled in Iceland, Greenland, and the North America.
 
Harder - Vikings were fierce warriors who terrorized Europe from the late 700's to about 1100 AD. Early in this period, Vikings conquered or looted parts of England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Russia, and Spain. Later, they established trading centers and trade routes in those regions.
 
Viking sailors explored much of the North Atlantic Ocean. Their ships carried settlers to Iceland and Greenland. Viking explorer, Leif Ericson, landed in North America about 500 years before Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492. Vikings established at least one settlement in North America, but it lasted only a few years.
 
 
Landscapes of Imagination
http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/2/16/h16-4222-e.html
Here is the story of early voyages to North America.
Related sites:
1) Leif Erikson by Kevin A. Weitemier
2) The Vikings: They Got Here First, But Why Didn't They Stay?
 
The Vikings 
http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/CITE/vikings.htm
Here you find a well-organized index to sites containing all kinds of information about Vikings (from Gander Academy, Gander, Newfoundland, Canada).
 
The Viking Millennium (Smithsonian Institution) 
http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/features/viking/
Learn about the Norse wave that swept across the North Atlantic and reached northeastern North America in AD 1000....the wave of the Vikings.
 
Viking Network Web 
http://viking.no/index.html
This site is a collaboration between schools in different countries aimed at providing an electronic, interactive resource for teachers and students learning about the Vikings. 
 
 
After visiting several of the sites below, complete one or more of the following Viking activities:
 
Make Your Own Viking Food. First learn about the food that Vikings ate at Food Answers (Dear Viking Answer Lady), The Viking Food, Viking Food by Jennifer O'Rourke, and Food. You can find a few Viking recipes at Running a Household in the Viking Era. More modern recipes can be found at Gastronomy in Norway. Now use what you have learned to prepare your Viking meal.
 
Take A Viking Quiz. Visit the Quiz at the Viking Heritage website and test your knowledge about Viking facts. Also try the challenges found at Index of Viking Problems. Then construct your own Viking quiz that includes what you consider to be the most important knowledge to be gained about the Vikings.
 
Construct A Model of A Viking Ship. After looking at sites like The Viking Longship by John Hale (Scientific American), Viking Ships, and Viking Ship Answers, select a type of Viking ship and construct a model. Display your completed Viking ship. You also may want to read a related Navigation Answer article at The Viking Answer Lady site.
 
Debate 'Why Does Columbus Gets All The Press?'. Start with sites like Viking Explorers and The Vikings: They Got Here First, But Why Didn't They Stay?; then debate why Columbus is most often credited with discovering America. How would you change this?
 
Be a Viking Fashion Artist. Look at sites like Viking Clothing and Viking Dress by Laura Bagge in order to learn about the clothing worn by Vikings. Then draw a picture that depicts Viking fashion. You may want to make your own clothing after going to Viking Tunic Construction and Basic Guide to Footwear in the Viking Age.
 

Complete A Viking Webquest. Follow or adapt the procedures of the following webquests: 

1) On the Viking Trail (Scavenger Hunt) http://olp.swlauriersb.qc.ca/webquest/vikings/index.html
2) Role of the Viking Woman (Grade 9-10th) http://www.geocities.com/iceland002001/webquest.htm
3) Three Viking Webquests (Grade 5) http://tos.scdsb.on.ca/ss5/vikings_webquest.htm
4) Viking Ships & Weapons Webquest http://hammond.k12.in.us/ScottMs/LMC/Resources.htm#Vikings
5) Viking Adventure (Grade 5-8) http://www.allabery.com/courses/webquest/bird/
6) Viking Exploration WebQuest http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/webvikingemr.html
7) Vikings- The Civilized Barbarians http://faculty.une.edu/cas/gchstman/students/webjohnston/websheet.htm
 
Heimskringla or The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway (c. 1179 - 1241) by Snorri Sturluson 
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Heimskringla/
Here you can explore a collection of sagas about the kings of Norway.
 
Medieval And Renaissance Wedding 
http://www.drizzle.com/~celyn/mrwp/mrwp.html
Scroll down to the 'Information on Viking Weddings' to get information about love, courtship, poetry, weddings, marriage, and divorce in the Viking cultures.
 
Norse Mythology 
http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~cherryne/mythology.html
Here you can discover the gods and myths of Norse mythology and learn how it influenced contemporary writers.
 
Our Viking Projects 
http://ireland.iol.ie/~ballyduf/ryan.html
Here you can explore Viking projects completed by Ms. Ryan's fifth-grade class at Ballyduff National School in Waterford, Ireland.
 
Viking Answer Lady 
http://www.vikinganswerlady.org/
Here you can find links to several Viking sites plus articles by the 'Viking Answer Lady.
 
Viking Explorers (The Mariner's Museum) 
http://www.mariner.org./age/vikingexp.html
Here you can find information about famous Vikings and their discoveries.
 
Viking Project Pages 
http://www.best.com/~swanson/viking/eg_viking_intro.html
This site includes resources on ancient Viking culture assembled by 6th grade students.
 
The Vikings by Arne Emil Christensen 
http://odin.dep.no/ud/nornytt/uda-302.html
This article summarizes Viking exploits in the period from 800 to 1050 AD. Nordic peoples stormed forth, terrorizing well established societies which were accustomed to war, but not to the startling tactics of the Vikings.
 
Vikings 
http://www.midcoast.com.au/~ttc/viking.html
Learn about ancient Viking culture, including religion, food, music, clothes, housing, law, money, everyday life, and more.
 
The World Of The Vikings 
http://www.pastforward.co.uk/Vikings/index.html
This site has several links for Viking and Norse information including sagas, mythology, runes, and lots more.
 

Vikings

Snorri

Vinlnad

North Atlantic

warriors

raid

Norway

Sweden

Denmark

longship

Nordic

Norsemen

Iceland

Greenland

trade

iron

kirtle

'Erik the Red'

'New World'

Crusades

Lief Erikson

runes

banishment

iceberg

porridge

'curragh'

Helluland

Markland

settlement

cargoship

raids

trade

chieftain family

Christianity

Norse gods

weapons

sword

wood shield

spear

ax

bow

blacksmith

fishing

agriculture

square-rigged

oars

Gotland

'berserkr'

Atlantic

raiders

explorers

lodestone

navigation

saga

 
Created by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson, 1/99. Update by Nancy Smith 2/02