This project includes over one-hundred and fifty
websites providing biographies of writers, poets,
artists, musicians, entertainers, activists, thinkers,
and leaders of the Harlem Renaissance movement. These
additional biography resources have been placed on a
'bonus' webpage entitled Biographies
of the Harlem Renaissance. Be sure to
check it out!
- Easier - Harlem
Renaissance refers to an era of written and artistic
creativity among African-Americans that occurred after
World War I and lasted until the middle of the 1930s
- Harder - A major factor
leading to the rise of the Harlem Renaissance was the
migration of African-Americans to the northern cities.
Between 1919 and 1926, large numbers of black Americans
left their rural southern states homes to move to urban
centers such as New York City, Chicago, and Washington,
- This black urban migration combined with the
experimental trends occurring throughout 1920s American
society and the rise of a group of radical black
intellectuals all contributed to the particular styles
and unprecedented success of black artists. What began as
a series of literary discussions in lower Manhattan
(Greenwich Village) and upper Manhattan (Harlem) was
first known as the 'New Negro Movement.' Later termed the
Harlem Renaissance, this movement brought unprecedented
creative activity in writing, art, and music and
redefined expressions of African-Americans and their
Drop Me Off in Harlem from ArtsEdge
Discover the themes and works of the Harlem Renaissance.
- Guide to Harlem Renaissance Materials from the Library of Congress
This guide presents the Library's resources as well as links to external Web sites on the Harlem Renaissance and a bibliography.
Also from LOC:
Renaissance and the Flowering of Creativity http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart7b.html
Renaissance from Wikipedia
2) Harlem Renaissance from the American Library of
3) Harlem Renaissance from MSN Encarta http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566483/harlem_renaissance.html
4) Kari's Thoughts on Poets of the Harlem
Renaissance from PBS NewsHou
This is the site of an online forum that examined the
Harlem Renaissance literary and political movement.
Another Related PBS Site:
2) Harlem Renaissance http://www.pbs.org/wnet/ihas/icon/harlem.html
- After visiting several of the Harlem
Renaissance websites, complete one or more of
the following activities.
- Create A Harlem Renaissance
Poster. The subject could be a magazine
cover, a stage production, music group or
performer, public lecture or forum. You may
get some ideas at sites like Rhapsodies
in Black: Art of the Harlem Renaissance.
Create and display your poster. An
alternative subject would be to create a
Harlem scene that envisions what you think a
location would have looked like in the
- Compare and Contrast the Lives and
Work. Chose two people who played
important roles in the Harlem Renaissance
period. You can find lots of possibilities on
the 'bonus' site for this project: Biographies
of the Harlem Renaissance. Compare and
contrast their endeavors and accomplishments.
Identify their strengths and weaknesses. Were
both activists? What type of influence do
they have today?
- Hold A Harlem Renaissance Event.
Plan and organized your own 'literary group'
or 'rent party.' For the literary group, pick
a few favorite pieces of prose and poetry by
one or more of the Harlem Renaissance writers
to read and discuss . . . try to portray
characters of the era. You may want to
include refreshments. For the rent party,
make sure to find and play some music of the
time period. Include dance instruction to
teach the Lindy Hop or other swing
- Complete a Harlem Renaissance
Biography. Start by selecting an
important person of the era. You may find
some help in selection and resources at
of the Harlem Renaissance. Use the
resources found there and at a library to
learn all that you can about the person. Put
together a multimedia presentation
(PowerPoint, HyperStudio, or Webpage) that
summarizes their life and accomplishments.
Include pictures, text, drawings, and where
- Complete a Harlem Renaissance
WebQuest. Adapt or follow the procedures
found at the webQuest site:
- 1) Designing an Art Exhibit: The Harlem Renaissance (11th Gr.) by A. Munski & A. Witt http://eprentice.sdsu.edu/J03CR/amunski/webquest/harlem.html
Harlem Renaissance by K. S. Frame http://www.manteno.k12.il.us/webquest/high/LanguageArts/HarlemRenaissance/Harlem%2
3) Harlem Renaissance: A WebQuest by D. Hogue http://www.mshogue.com/English_11/Harlem/wq.htm
- Websites By Kids For Kids
Renaissance (1999 ThinkQuest Challenge
- This 'quick course' on the Harlem Renaissance covers
history, art, music, history, drama, and more.
- More Harlem Renaissance Websites
Cultural History 1920 -1929
- The purpose of this site is to help the user gain a
broad understanding of the Roaring 1920s.
9: Harlem Renaissance, 1919-1937 by P.P.
- This site concentrates on literature and writers in
the four prominent genres of poetry, fiction, drama, and
Association's Weblinks to The Harlem
- Here are links to pages devoted to the Harlem
- Take a tour through a collection of sheet music
covers that feature the music of the Cotton Club.
- Related Website:
- 2) Interview With F. Nicholas http://www.jitterbuzz.com/nicho.html
To Factory: Afro-American Migration
- This site provides a brief overview of the migration
of Afro-Americans to northern cities.
- Related Migration Websites:
- 2) Black Workers and the City by C.S. Johnson
3) Making of African American Identity: Volume III, 1917-1968 from the National Humanities Ctr.
- 4) Migrations: African-American Mosaic from the
Library of Congress http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam008.html
- 5) Some Economic Aspects of Negro Migrations by C.S.
- This site uses biographies behind Art Kane's famous
photo of 57 jazz musicians gathered on a Harlem street as
the jumping-off point for a survey of the history of
1900-1940: An African-American Community
- from the Schomburg Center for Black Culture,
New York Public Library
- This exhibit traces the history of the urban
experience in Harlem's early days through graphic and
- Related Websites:
- 2) Harlem Renaissance by S. Watson
site contains some explicit language related to
homosexual lifestyles) http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG97/blues/watson.html
- 3) Harlem Memories by M.L. Pfeffer
- 4) Duke Ellington's Washington http://www.pbs.org/ellingtonsdc/index.htm
Mecca of the New Negro from University of
- This is the site of an online edition of the March
1925 Survey Graphic, a premier journal of social work in
1920s America. Alain Locke, then a professor of
philosophy at Howard University, designed and edited this
special issue devoted to the African American
'Renaissance' that was then underway in Harlem.
Contributors include Countee Cullen, Angelina Weld
Grimké, Langston Hughes, Charles S. Johnson, James
Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, Arthur Schomburg, Jean
Toomer, and others.
- Harlem Renaissance Poetry
A brief overview of poetry and poets of the Harlem Renaissance period is provided.
Jasz, and all that Jazz from PBS River of
- No one description of jazz adequately outlines this
ever-changing music; no definition can pinpoint simply
when and where it all began.
- Other Music Websites:
- 2) America's Jazz Heritage from the Smithsonian
- 3) Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz
(William P. Gottlieb Collection) http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wghtml/wghome.html
in Black: Art of the Harlem Renaissance
- This site is devoted to the art of the Harlem
- Related Website:
- 2) ArtLex on the Harlem Renaissance http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/h/harlemrenaissance.hml
- This is a website devoted to the historical culture,
music, and dance of the Swing Era.
- Related Website:
- 2) Jazz Age: Flapper Culture & Style http://www.geocities.com/flapper_culture/
- Websites For Teachers
to the Harlem Renaissance by H.L. Giles
- This activity addresses some of the common themes
that bring together members of this literary
of Zora Neale Hurston by M.E. Riccio
- Here is a series of lesson plans on the folktales of
Zora Neale Hurston.
the Harlem Renaissance (Grade 11) at Schools
of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE)
- Students analyze the major political, social,
economic, technological, and cultural developments of the
1920s, in terms of the Harlem Renaissance and new trends
in literature, music, and art, with special attention to
the work of writers.
Hughes (1902-1967) at the Internet
School Library Media Center (ISLMC)
- Here you find a collection of lesson plans and
resources for study of Langston Hughes.
- Related Website at ISLMC:
- 2) Arna Wendell Bontemps (1902-1973) http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/bontemps.htm
- 3) Countee Porter Cullen (1903-1946) http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/cullen.htm
- 4) Zora Neale Hurston (1891-1960) http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/hurston.htm
- Related Lesson Plans:
- 5) Langston Hughes: Artist and Historian by M. Blue
- 6) Langston Hughes: Voice Among Voices by G.C.
Renaissance: Pivotal Period in the Development of
Afro-American Culture by C. Jackson (Grades 11
and above) at the Yale-New Haven Teachers
- This is a unit plan for study of a pivotal period in
the development of Afro-American culture; a time when
black and white Americans alike 'discovered' the vibrancy
and uniqueness of black art, music, and especially,
of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance on Society
by K.B. Hilliard (Grades 7-8) at the Yale-New Haven
- This unit plan's major focus is the people, places,
and music of the Harlem Renaissance from 1918-1933.
- Other Harlem Renaissance Lessons at Yale-New Haven
- 2) African-American Art and the Political Dissent
During the Harlem Renaissance by V. Belton
- 3) Harlem Renaissance Births a Black Culture by S.
- 4) Harlem Renaissance: Black American Traditions by
P. Flynn http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1988/2/88.02.02.x.html
- 5) Social Contributions of The Harlem Renaissance by
H. Rhodes http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1978/2/78.02.08.x.html
- Migration North to the Promised Land by B.
This curriculum unit investigates the great migration of blacks from the rural South to northern industrial cities.
June 2001 - 2008